Uurimus
Pòlvkondade eluteed 83
Alguse aeg
Nov.1982
Lõpu aeg
Mai 1983
Staatus
SPSS fail
Uurimisobjekt
Eeskiri
Questionnaire The first-stage questionnaire was originally written in the Russian language jointly by the researchers from all regions where the survey was to be conducted. This version was the standard for all other versions. The translation into the Estonian language was done by the research team in Estonia. The questionnaires in Russian and Estonian are identical. Both versions of the questionnaire were printed by the Printing and Publishing Department of Tartu University. Some regions also included additional questions or used additional methods. In cooperation with the Vocational Guidance Center of Tartu University, two tests: J.Holland's personality types (Holland,J.L.(1985) A theory of vocational personalities and work environments.Englewood Cliffs,NY:Prentice Hall) and General Aptitude Test Battary- GATB (Methology test development guide.Volume 2.Nov.1967.US Department of Labor.), as well as the questionnaire, were administered to certain study groups in the first-stage survey in Estonia. In addition, students' academic performance (i.e., their marks or grades) in 10 main subjects was measured. The presented data file does not contain these additional variables. Like the first-stage questionnaire, the second-stage questionnaire was put together in the Russian language in close cooperation between the researchers from all regions where the survey was conducted. But at the second stage, there were two versions of the questionnaire: one for the students and another for the nonstudents (mainly working youth). In addition to items common to all respondents, the two versions of the questionnaires included special items for students and working youth. The order of questions in the versions for students and nonstudents differed; however, the order of common variables has been made identical for both groups in the data file. The order of variables V1-V258 corresponds to the order of questions in the questionnaire for nonstudents. In addition, V259-V285 were gathered for both groups. V286-V338 are the special variables from the questionnaire for students; they are absent in the case of nonstudents. Students have missing values on all variables that concerned only working youth. The Estonian translation and comparison of the Estonian and Russian versions were done by the research group members. For Estonia, both versions of the second-stage questionnaire were printed at Tartu University. Later one inconsistency between the Estonian and Russian versions of the second-stage questionnaire was discovered in the nonstudent's questionnaire. On item V25 (length of studies since the attainment of a secondary education during the past 3 years), the Estonian questionnaire omitted response-interval 2-2.5 years; consequently, the next two response-intervals (2.5-3 years and more than 3 years) differ from those in the Russian questionnaire. In the final data file, this error has been handled by recoding the data so that the Estonian and Russian versions are coded in the same way; however, it must be kept in mind that respondents who completed the Estonian questionnaire lacked the possibility to select the interval 2-2.5 years. PATHS OF A GENERATION: WAVE 1 (ESTONIAN SURVEY) SAMPLE DESCRIPTION The 1983 Estonian sample represents the cohort of all students graduating in 1983 from vocational secondary schools, specialized secondary schools, and general secondary schools in Estonia, who had entered these types of secondary schools after graduating from the 8th grade of fundamental school (this means that graduating students who had entered vocational secondary schools or specialized secondary schools after graduating from some type of secondary school are excluded). The total size of this educational cohort in Estonia in 1983 was 15,636 (statistics on the cohort were obtained from three educational ministries of the Republic of Estonia in the autumn of 1982). This makes up approximately (exact statistics are not available) 90% of all full-time graduating students of all types of secondary schools in 1983 and 82.7 % of the birth cohort in 1965. Students of 157 study groups were surveyed in 1983. The number of the surveyed students exceeded 3,400. On the basis of this nonrepresentative "sample" 12 representative subsamples (Estonian national sample, 3 subsamples of main types of secondary schools, and 8 subsamples of the subtypes of secondary schools) were created. Each of these subsamples represents proportionally: 1) Main types of populated centers where the schools are located; 2) Main territorial units of Estonia; 3) Both languages of instruction (Estonian and Russian)in schools; 4) Main fields of study; 5) All 8 subtypes of secondary education (this criterion is relevant only for subsamples of the main types of secondary education and the national sample. Subsamples can be distinguished by the combinations of V3 (main type of secondary school), V9 (subtype of secondary school), and V343 (code of subsample). V343 is coded as follows: 1 = Respondents in the national sample; 2 = Respondents added to the national sample to form subsamples of the main types of secondary schools; 3 = Respondents added to subsamples of the main types of secondary schools to form subsamples of subtypes of secondary schools; 4 = The remaining respondents who are not members of any representative subsample (the so-called "reserve") The sampling procedures were done by hand as follows: 1. All the existing study groups of the graduating students were classified according to the criteria of representativeness. 2. From each cell of this classification definite number of study groups were randomly chosen for survey so that they guaranteed proportional national subsample and other planned subsamples according to the criteria of represantiveness. 3. The completed questionnaires of each study group were numbered randomly without skipping any number. 4. The formula for coding V343 was established for every surveyed study group according to the quotas in each cell of classification. This formula established how many respondents of the given study group would belong to the national subsample, and to the other subsamples. The general form of this formula is as follows: N = A + B + C + D N: number of questionnaires in the given group A: number of questionnaires to be given code 1 on V343 B: number of questionnaires to be given code 2 on V343 C: number of questionnaires to be given code 3 on V343 D: number of questionnaires to be given code 4 on V343 This formula prescribes that the first A questionnaire in a given study group should be given code 1, the next B given code 2, and so on to the end of the study group. 5. The questionnaires of each study group were coded in accordance with the formula of coding. As a result of these procedures 12 representative subsamples were chosen. The main characteristics of them are following: National subsample Subsamples of main Subsamples of subtypes types of secondary of secondary education education 1.National sample 2.Sample of the VSS 5. Sample of RVSS N= 1,520 P= 9.7% N= 709 P= 21.7% N= 203 P= 25.9% 6. Sample of UVSS N= 506 P= 20.4% 3.Sample of SSS 7. Sample of ASSS N= 739 P= 30.1% N= 289 P= 32.9% 8. Sample of ISSS N= 305 P= 28.3% 9: Sample of HSSS N= 145 P= 33.0% 4. Sample of GSS 10.Sample of GSSO N= 946 P= 9.5% N= 778 P= 9.3% 11.Sample of GSS9 N= 399 P= 29.5% 12.Sample of GSS1 N= 161 P= 54.4% N: number of respondents in the subsample P: percent of surveyed students from the total size of the corresponding (sub)cohort (for example, P = 9.7% for National sample means, that this subsample includes 9.7% of all graduating students of all types of secondary schools in 1983; P = 21.7% for sample of VSS means that this subsample includes 21.7 % of all graduating students of VSS in 1983. etc.) VSS: Vocational secondary schools RVSS: Rural vocational secondary schools UVSS: Urban vocational secondary schools SSS: Specialized secondary schools ASSS - Agricultural specialized secondary schools ISSS - Industrial specialized secondary schools HSSS - Humanitarian specialized secondary schools GSS: General secondary schools GSSO - Ordinary forms of general secondary schools GSS9 - Special type of general secondary school since form 9 GSS1 - Special type of general secondary school since form 1 Conclusions about Sample Representativeness 1. In each subsample, all subgroups of the students distinguished by the criteria of representativeness are represented in all subsamples. Only two very small groups of students are not represented in the subsamples: a) Russian students of the RVSS (the total number in the cohort was 24, comprising 0.2% of the whole cohort); b) Fitters (their weight in RVSS was 1.7% and in the whole cohort 0.1%). 2. The mean absolute deviations are fairly small The mean deviation is minimal in the national subsample (0.7%) and exceeds 3% in only three subsamples (ISSS = 3.6%, GSS9 = 3.2%, GSS1 = 5.5%). 3. The national subsample is of the best quality, in which no single deviation exceeds 3%. The maximum single deviation is 6% in the subsamples of UVSS, HSSS, GSS0, GSS9, VSS, SSS, and GSS. In the remaining subsamples, the maximum single deviations are bigger and in one instance it exceeds 18.5% (GSS1).
Realiseerumine
Field Work The first-stage survey was conducted between late November of 1982 and May of 1983. It embraced more than 3,400 students graduating from general secondary, specialized secondary, and vocational secondary schools, who had entered these educational establishments after graduating from the 8th grade of fundamental school. The survey was conducted in 157 study groups that were chosen in accordance with the sample design. After selection of the study groups, the respective school administrators were contacted, and the concrete time for the survey was agreed upon. The first-stage survey was conducted in classroom by a member of the research group; there were no outsiders in the classroom when it was administered. In his(her) short introduction, the person administering the questionnaire summarized the nature and aims of the research and pointed out that the survey is not anonymous but that the information obtained would be used only for scientific purposes and presented in statistically generalized ways. The students were told that the study had a long-term character and that they would be surveyed several times in the future. The students were also told that no one at school could read the completed questionnaires because they were given directly to the sociologist who was conducting the survey. Almost all of the students agreed to complete the questionnaire. More than half (55%)of the respondents wrote their answers directly on the printed questionnaire, while the rest (45%) wrote them on coding lists in which only the question numbers and codes of scale points were written. The coding lists were used to economize paper. In all schools, interviewers also copied the names of the students in the surveyed groups. The names of the students and information about their parents (address, phone number) were also recorded. The first-stage survey was administered by about 10 members of the research groups (see above), all of whom were university- educated, were experienced in field work, and had participated in designing the research and the questionnaire. In addition, all received special instructions before the survey.
Küsitlusmeetod
Questionnaire Both the Tallinn and Tartu teams used four survey methods: 1. The respondent was visited by the interviewer at home or his/her work place and completed the questionnaire in the presence of the interviewer. (20 % of all cases)) 2. A letter was sent to the respondent asking him/her to visit the office of our research groups or some other place and to complete the questionnaire there. (10 % of all cases) 3. The respondent was personally contacted by the interviewer but completed and returned the questionnaire after the interviewer had left. (This method was used for about 50% of the respondents). 4. The questionnaire was sent and received by post. (This method was used for about 20% of the respondents). This method was mainly used in the countryside. The method used is reported in V281 (completion of the questionnaire), but, unfortunately, this information was not recorded for everyone.
Kodeerimisjuhend
CODEBOOK I STAGE 1. Respondent's identification number 2. Region 1 Moldova 2 Byelorussia 3 Lithuania 4 Latvia 5 Estonia 3. Type of education 1 general secondary 2 specialized secondary 3 vocational secondary 4. Birth date The 2 last numbers of the year + month e.g. March 1964 = 6403 Oct. 1965 = 6510 5. Number of study group 1 Elva Secondary school 2 Alatskivi Secondary school 3 Kallaste Vocational Secondary School No 5 (electrification of agriculture) 4 Paide Vocational Secondary School No 25 (mechanization of land improvement) 5 Väimela State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (electrification of agriculture) 6 Väimela State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (veterinary science) 7 Olustvere State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (apiculture) 8 Olustvere State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (agronomy) 9 V ru Industrial Specialized Secondary School (manufacture of furniture) 10 Kuremaa State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (live stock breeding) 11 Jäneda State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (agronomy) 12 Tihemetsa State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (mechanization of agriculture) 13 P ltsamaa Rural Vocational School (group 1: tractor driving) 14 P ltsamaa Rural Vocational School (group 2: tractor driving) 15 Tihemetsa State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (tractor driving) 17 Räpina State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (horticulture) 18 Kehtna State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (mechanization of land improvement) 19 Türi State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (live stock breeding) 20 Jäneda State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (agronomy) 21 Kaarepere State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (silviculture) 22 Vana-V idu State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School 23 Antsla State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (agronomy) 24 Järva-Jaani Rural Vocational School No 31 (tractor driving) 25 Vana-Vigala Rural Vocational School No 29 (tractor driving) 26 Vana-Vigala Rural Vocational School No 29 (tractor driving) 27 Urban Vocational School No 6 (fitters-electricians) 28 Urban Vocational School No 6 29 Urban Vocational School No 6 (fitters) 30 Tartu Art School 31 Tallinn Medical School 32 Tallinn Navigation School 33 isu Industrial Specialized Secondary School (group 1: food industry technology) 34 isu Industrial Specialized Secondary School (group 2: food industry technology) 35 Kohtla-Järve Chemical Specialized Secondary School (technology of anorganic substances) 36 Kohtla-Järve Chemical Specialized Secondary School (installing and repairing of industrial equipment) 37 Türi State Farm - Specialized Agricultural School (electrification of agriculture) 38 Kallaste Vocational School No 5 (electrification) 39 Kohtla-Järve Medical School 40 Tartu Urban Vocational School No 16 (house-painting) 41 Tartu Urban Vocational School No 17 (turners) 42 Tartu Urban Vocational School No 17 (baking) 43 Tartu Urban Vocational School No 17 (shop assistants) 44 Vocational School No 6 (electricians) 45 Tartu Secondary School No 12 (grade 11B) 46 Häädemeeste Secondary School 47 Kuressaare Secondary School No 1 (grade 11C) 48 P ltsamaa Secondary School (grade 11B) 49 Tallinn Medical School (hospital mursing) 50 Vana-Vigala Rural Vocational School (vegetable farming) 51 Helme Rural Vocational School (group 1: tractor driving) 52 Helme Rural Vocational School (group 2: tractor driving) 53 Tartu Music School 54 Kuressaare Vocational School No 26 (tractor driving) 55 Tallinn Specialized Secondary School of Railroad Transport (group 1) 55 Tallinn Specialized Secondary School of Railroad Transport (group 2) 57 Narva Vocational School No 8 (textile weaving) 58 Vocational School No 1 (type setting) 59 Vocational School No 1 (ship equipment) 60 Kadrina Secondary School 61 Otepää Secondary School 62 Vocational School No 24 (confectioners) 63 Vocational School No 24 (shop assistants) 64 Narva Polytechnical School (industrial and civil construction) 65 Tartu Secondary School No 6 (grade 10B) 66 Pärnu Secondary School No 3 (grade 10A) 67 Rakvere Pedagogical School (group 1: pre-school education) 68 Rakvere Pedagogical School (group 2: pre-school education) 69 Tallinn Polytechnical School (communications) 70 Tallinn Polytechnical School (radio communications) 71 Tallinn Polytechnical School (computer science and technology) 72 Kohtla-Järve Vocational School No 20 73 Pärnu Secondary School No 2 (grade 11C) 74 Vocational School No 22 (welding) 75 Sindi Vocational School No 7 (textile weaving) 76 Tallinn Specialized Secondary School for Construction and Mechanics (autoservice) 78 Vocational School No 11 (crane driving) 79 Tallinn Specialized Secondary School of Railroad Transport (engine construction) 80 Narva Vocational School No 8 (textile weaving) 81 Tallinn Vocational School No 10 (carpentry) 82 Pärnu Vocational School No 13 (fitters) 83 Vocational School No 20 (bulldozer drivers) 84 Tallinn Secondary School No 44 (grade 11C) 85 Tallinn Secondary School No 30 (grade 10A) 86 Kohila Secondary School 87 Narva Vocational School No 14 (welding) 88 Tallinn Secondary School No 11 89 Vocational School No 32 (tailoring) 90 Mustvee Secondary School No 2 (grade 10A) 91 Tartu Secondary School No 2 (grade 11A, English language focus) 92 Tartu Secondary School No 2 (grade 11B, English language focus) 93 Valga Secondary School No 1 (physics, mathematics focus) 94 Tartu Secondary School No 8 (Estonian language and literature focus) 95 Tartu Secondary School No 5 (biology focus) 96 N o Secondary School (grade 11A, mathematics focus) 97 N o Secondary School (grade 11B, physics focus) 98 Antsla Secondary School (Russian language focus) 99 Rakvere Secondary School No 3 (grade 11A, chemistry focus) 100 Tallinn Secondary School No 7 (grade 11B) 101 Kohtla-Järve Secondary School No 5 (mathematics, physics focus) 102 Tartu Secondary School No 6 (grade 11A) 103 Püssi Secondary School 104 Tallinn Secondary School No 1 (grade 11C, mathematics, physics focus) 105 Tallinn Secondary School No 46 (art focus) 106 Tallinn Secondary School No 26 (grade 10A, English language focus) 107 Räpina Secondary School 108 Tallinn Secondary School No 26 (grade 10B) 109 Vocational School No 10 110 Vocational School No 21 111 Paide Secondary School No 2 (grade 10) 112 Tartu Secondary School No 10 (grade 11B) 113 Tallinn Secondary School No 5 (grade 10) 114 Tallinn Secondary School No 43 (grade 11A) 115 Tallinn Secondary School No 5 (grade 10) 116 V ru Secondary School No 1 (grade 11C) 117 Vastseliina Secondary School (grade 11B) 118 Tartu Secondary School No 1 (grade 11B) 119 Specialized Secondary School of Light Industry (accounting, book-keeping) 120 Keila Secondary School 121 Tartu Secondary School No 5 (chemistry focus) 122 Kohtla-Järve Secondary School No 3 (grade 10) 123 Tallinn Secondary School No 37 (grade 11B) 124 Tallinn Secondary School No 37 (grade 11A) 125 Rakvere Secondary School No 3 (grade 11B) 126 Rakvere Secondary School No 3 (grade 11B) 127 Tallinn Secondary School No 44 (grade 11B, English language focus) 128 Tartu Secondary School No 3 (grade 11D, German language focus) 129 Viljandi Secondary School No 4 (grade 11A, history focus) 130 V ru Secondary School No 2 (grade 10A) 131 Pärnu Secondary School No 1 (grade 11B) 132 Viljandi Secondary School No 1 (grade 11C) 133 Tallinn Secondary School No 16 134 Viljandi Secondary School No 5 (grade 11A, Russian language focus) 135 Kohtla-Järve Secondary School No 2 (grade 10A) 136 Tapa Secondary School No 2 137 Kilingi-N mme Secondary School (grade 11A) 138 Taebla Secondary School 139 Rakvere Secondary School No 1 (grade 11A, mathematics, physics focus) 140 Pärnu Secondary School No 4 (grade 11C) 141 Vändra Secondary School (grade 11B) 142 Vocational School No 13 (cabinet-making) 143 Tallinn Secondary School No 4 (Russian language focus) 144 Märjamaa Secondary School 145 Tallinn Secondary School No 44 (grade 11A, chemistry focus) 146 Narva Secondary School No 6 147 Tallinn Secondary School No 50 (grade 10A) 148 Tallinn Secondary School No 15 (grade 10B) 149 Tallinn Secondary School No 50 (grade 10B) 150 Tallinn Secondary School No 42 (grade 11A, German language focus) 151 Kohtla-Järve Secondary School No 1 152 Kivi li Secondary School No 2 (grade 10B) 153 Tallinn Secondary School No 10 (grades 11A, 11B) 154 Tallinn Pedagogical School (pre-school education) 155 Tallinn Secondary School No 51 (grade 10A) 156 Räpina Secondary School (German language focus) 157 Vastseliina Secondary School (Russian language focus) 6. Time of the survey 1 November 1982 2 December 1982 3 January 1983 4 February 1983 5 March 1983 6 April 1983 7 May 1983 8 June 1983 7. Home county (city) 0 Narva 1 Tallinn 2 Eastern Viru county 3 Western Viru county 4 Harju county 5 Rapla county 6 Järva county 7 Western county 8 Hiiumaa 9 Saaremaa 10 Pärnu county 11 Viljandi county 12 Tartu city and county 13 J geva county 14 Valga county 15 P lva county 16 V ru county 17 Outside Estonia 8. Type of home settlement (community) 1 Tallinn 2 Other large city (Tartu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve, Pärnu) 3 City or town with more than 5,000 inhabitants 4 Town with less than 5,000 inhabitants 5 Rural settlement 9. What type of secondary school do you attend? 1 Rural vocational school 2 Urban vocational school 3 Agricultural specialized secondary school 4 Industrial specialized secondary school 5 Other types of specialized secondary school 6 Common grade of general secondary school 7 Special (academic) grade of general secondary school (since grade 9) 8 Special (academic) grade of general secondary school (since grade 1 or 2) 10. Field of study 01 machine- and instrument construction in specialized secondary schools: metal processing, installing and repairing of industrial equipment, technology of chemical and oil-shale industry, installing of automatic equipment in vocational schools: fitter, turner, welder 02 electrical engineering, radio electronics, communications in specialized secondary schools: power stations and networks, industrial power equipments, radio- and telecommunications in vocational schools: electricians, fitters 03 construction in specialized secondary schools: industrial and civil construction, building machinery and equipment in vocational schools: mason, painter, etc. 04 transportation in specialized secondary schools: autoservice, road and railroad exploitation, navigation in vocational schools: navigation, fitters 05 consumer goods production in specialized secondary schools: textile, leather, wood, furniture, and printing industry 06 food industry in specialized secondary schools: food industry technology in vocational schools: cook, confectioner 07 finance, accounting in specialized secondary schools: book-keeping 08 trade in vocational schools: sales person, cashiers 09 medicine 1 3.5 or less 2 3.5-4.0 3 4.0-4.5 4 4.5-5.0 5 5.0 13. Grade-point average at end of last academic year 1 3.5 or less 2 3.5-4.0 3 4.0-4.5 4 4.5-5.0 5 5.0 14. Most recent grade in mathematics 1 3.0 or less 2 3.0-4.0 3 4.0-5.0 4 5.0 15. Most recent grade in history 1 3.0 or less 2 3.0-4.0 3 4.0-5.0 4 5.0 16. Most recent grade in native language 1 3.0 or less 2 3.0-4.0 3 4.0-5.0 4 5.0 17. What is your academic class rank? 1 in the lower third 2 in the middle 3 in the upper half 4 in the upper third 18. Language of instruction 2 Russian 6 Estonian Compare your abilities with those of your peers 19. In the humanities 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 20. In the sciences 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 21. Musical abilities 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 22. In the arts 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 23. Technical abilities 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 24. In manual work 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 25. Organizational skills 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 26. Intellectual ability 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 27. Will-power, motivation 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 28. Time management 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 29. Ability to deal with people 1 my abilities are below average 2 my abilities are about average 3 my abilities are somewhat higher 4 my abilities are significantly higher 30. Do you have any favorite subject at school? 1 none 2 one 3 two 4 three or more 31. Are there subjects which seem too difficult for you? 1 none 2 one 3 two 4 three or more People study in order to... 32. ...achieve better material security 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 33. ...acquire a desired speciality, profession 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 34. ...obtain in-depth knowledge about the subjects studied 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 35. ...attain a secure social position 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 36. ...enjoy life as a student 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 37. ...do clean and easy work 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 38. ...develop one's personality 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 39. ...achieve social prestige and certain social status 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 40. ...win the respect of friends 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 41. ...develop one's abilities and skills 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 42. ...better understand the world and life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 43. ...better succeed in life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 36. ...enjoy life as a student 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 37. ...do clean and easy work 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 38. ...develop one's personality 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 39. ...achieve social prestige and certain social status 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 40. ...win the respect of friends 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 41. ...develop one's abilities and skills 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 42. ...better understand the world and life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 43. ...better succeed in life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 3 probably 4 yes 36. ...enjoy life as a student 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 37. ...do clean and easy work 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 38. ...develop one's personality 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 39. ...achieve social prestige and certain social status 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 40. ...win the respect of friends 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 41. ...develop one's abilities and skills 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 42. ...better understand the world and life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 43. ...better succeed in life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 3 probably 4 yes 36. ...enjoy life as a student 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 37. ...do clean and easy work 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 38. ...develop one's personality 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 39. ...achieve social prestige and certain social status 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 40. ...win the respect of friends 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 41. ...develop one's abilities and skills 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 42. ...better understand the world and life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 43. ...better succeed in life 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 44. ...become a good professional 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 45. ...live and work among educated people 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 46. ...be more useful to society 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 47. ...develop one's aptitudes in one's field of choice 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes 48. How much time do you spend on homework? 1 no more than half an hour 2 0.5-1 hour 3 2-3 hours 4 more than 3 hours 49. Have you ever skipped school? 1 no, never 2 rarely 3 yes, sometimes 4 yes, often 50. Do you like being at school? 1 no, not at all 2 no, not a lot 3 yes, somewhat 4 yes Attitude toward studies and other school activities. Do you agree that... 51. Good grades require me to work hard 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 52. I try to manage with minimal efforts at school 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 53. I have earned great recognition of my studies and social work 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 54. Studying often stimulates my interest in certain problems and therefore I study more than is necessary for earning good grades 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 55. I have never considered my studies to be too important 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 56. I fulfill school rules and regulations without objection 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 57. At the end of classes I feel tired and exhausted 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 58. My studies give me great satisfaction 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 59. I rather fulfil routine tasks than those which require much thought 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 60. Where do you live? 1 In a hostel 2 In a rented livingspace 3 With relatives 4 With parents in a communal flat 5 With parents in a separate flat 6 With parents in a private house Does your family have a... 61. private house 1 no 2 yes 62. summer home 1 no 2 yes 63. cooperative flat 1 no 2 yes 64. private car 1 no 2 yes 65. color TV-set 1 no 2 yes 66. stereo radio 1 no 2 yes 67. new furniture 1 no 2 yes 68. works of art 1 no 2 yes 69. books (more than 200) 1 no 2 yes 70. sports equipment 1 no 2 yes 71. tape recorder 1 no 2 yes 72. plot of land 1 no 2 yes 73. domestic animals 1 no 2 yes Do you yourself have a... 74. bike 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 75. moped 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 76. motor-cycle 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 77. tape recorder 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 78. record-player 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 79. musical instrument 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 80. sports equipment 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 81. photo equipment 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 82. desk of your own 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 83. room of your own 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 84. pocket calculator 1 do not intend to get one 2 intend to get one in the more distant future 3 intend to get one in the near future 4 yes 85. Do you have any "pocket-money"? 1 no, I spend all I receive on food and clothing 2 yes, I usually have a small sum of money I can use on sweets, entertainment, etc. 3 I have money for everything 86. How much money a week do you have for personal needs? 87. What are your possibilities for getting clothes? 1 I get any clothes I want 2 although I cannot get the most fashionable clothes I have everything I need 3 I have only those clothes that are absolutely necessary 4 I have to manage with modest clothing 88. Compare your material situation with that of your classmates 1 my material situation is far better 2 my situation is somewhat better 3 my situation does not differ from that of the majority of my classmates 4 my material situation is worse How much time did you spend on the following activities over the past year? 89. Going to the theater, concerts, exhibitions 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 90. Listening to the radio, watching TV, reading newspapers 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 91. Going to the movies 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 92. Going to parties, discos, cafes 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 93. Studies 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 94. Social work 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 95. Sports, physical exercise 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 96. Socializing with friends 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 97. Spending time with a beloved person 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 98. Reading fiction 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 99. Hobby 1 none at all 2 not much 3 quite a lot 4 a lot 100. Which of the above mentioned activities do you like most of all? 1 Going to the theater, concerts, exhibitions 2 Listening to the radio, watching TV, reading newspapers 3 Going to the movies 4 Going to parties, discos, cafes 5 Studies 6 Social work 7 Sports, physical exercise 8 Socializing with friends 9 Spending time with a beloved person 10 Reading fiction 11 Hobby With whom do you most frequently spend your spare time? With whom do you associate? How many of these persons are... 101. ...classmates, coursemates 1 none 2 1-2 3 3-4 4 more 102. ...other students 1 none 2 1-2 3 3-4 4 more 103. ...neighbors 1 none 2 1-2 3 3-4 4 more 104. ...persons of other nationalities 1 none 2 1-2 3 3-4 4 more 105. ...fellow-enthusiasts 1 none 2 1-2 3 3-4 4 more 106. ...companions from summer camp 1 none 2 1-2 3 3-4 4 more 107. ...persons who are considerably older than you 1 none 2 1-2 3 3-4 4 more How many of your friends are... 108. ... persons with whom you exchange everyday news, talk about shopping, etc. 1 almost none 2 a few 3 quite many 4 a lot 109. ... persons with whom your relations are based on mutual favors 1 almost none 2 a few 3 quite many 4 a lot 110. ... people with deep intellectual interests 1 almost none 2 a few 3 quite many 4 a lot 111. ... merry companions with whom one can easily relax 1 almost none 2 a few 3 quite many 4 a lot 112. ... persons who understand you and whom you can always trust 1 almost none 2 a few 3 quite many 4 a lot 113. ... persons with whom your relations are based on mutual aid in studies 1 almost none 2 a few 3 quite many 4 a lot How interested are you in... 114. ...politics 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 115. ...sports 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 116. ...economic problems 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 117. ...fashion problems 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 118. ...cultural problems 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 119. ...problems of sex 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 120. ...nature 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 121. ...technics 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much 122. ...problems of morality 1 not at all 2 not particularly 3 fairly 4 very much In your opinion, how important are the following activities in life? 123. Studies 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 124. Social work 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 125. Sports, physical exercise 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 126. Associating with friends 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 127. Creating a family 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 128. Going to the theater, concerts, exhibitions 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 129. Listening to the radio, watching TV 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 130. Spending time with a beloved person 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 131. Occupational work 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 132. Going to parties, discos, cafes 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 133. Reading fiction 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 134. Favorite activity, hobby 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 135. Which one of the above mentioned activities do you consider most important in life? 1 Studies 2 Social work 3 Sports, physical exercise 4 Associating with friends 5 Creating a family 6 Going to the theater, concerts, exhibitions 7 Listening to the radio, watching TV 8 Spending time with a beloved person 9 Occupational work 10 Going to parties, discos, cafes 11 Reading fiction 12 Favorite activity, hobby 136. Are you a member of Komsomol? 1 yes 2 no 137. If you are a member of Komsomol, at what age did you join? 1 at the age of 14 2 at the age of 15 3 at the age of 16 4 at the age of 17 5 at the age of 18 or later 138. How many social work tasks do you have at present? 1 none 2 I only have irregular tasks 3 I have one regular task 4 I have two or more regular tasks 139. Do you have any sports rank? 1 no 2 junior rank 3 3rd rank 4 2nd or higher rank Participation in amateur art activities 140. Chorus singing 1 no 2 do not engage, but would like to 3 attend only before performances, concerts 4 attend at least once a month 141. Folk-dance 1 no 2 do not engage, but would like to 3 attend only before performances, concerts 4 attend at least once a month 142. Drama circle 1 no 2 do not engage, but would like to 3 attend only before performances, concerts 4 attend at least once a month 143. Rock or pop group 1 no 2 do not engage, but would like to 3 attend only before performances, concerts 4 attend at least once a month 144. Ballroom dancing 1 no 2 do not engage, but would like to 3 attend only before performances, concerts 4 attend at least once a month Participation in clubs and study circles 145. Technical club 1 no 2 I used to in the past 3 yes 146. Natural sciences club or circle 1 no 2 I used to in the past 3 yes 147. Mathematics, physics club or circle 1 no 2 I used to in the past 3 yes 148. History, languages, literature club or circle 1 no 2 I used to in the past 3 yes 149. Arts club 1 no 2 I used to in the past 3 yes 150. Sport school 1 no 2 I used to in the past 3 yes 151. Music school 1 no 2 I used to in the past 3 yes 153. Have you ever attended any subject contest (olympiad)? 1 no 2 yes, in my own school 3 yes, at the city or county level 4 yes, at the all-Estonian level 154. Do you consider it necessary to plan your life? 1 no, not at all 2 no, I don't think so 3 yes, fairly 4 yes, definitely What do you intend to do after you complete your secondary education? 155. Go to work 1 do not intend to do this 2 in the more distant future 3 during the next 1-2 years 4 immediately after graduation from secondary school 156. Continue my studies at university or college 1 do not intend to do this 2 in the more distant future 3 during the next 1-2 years 4 immediately after graduation from secondary school 157. Continue my studies at a specialized secondary school 1 do not intend to do this 2 in the more distant future 3 during the next 1-2 years 4 immediately after graduation from secondary school 158. Create a family 1 do not intend to do this 2 in the more distant future 3 during the next 1-2 years 4 immediately after graduation from secondary school 159. Intend to improve my material condition 1 do not intend to do this 2 in the more distant future 3 during the next 1-2 years 4 immediately after graduation from secondary school 160. Intend to get an apartment of my own 1 do not intend to do this 2 in the more distant future 3 during the next 1-2 years 4 immediately after graduation from secondary school 161. Intend to change my place of residence 1 do not intend to do this 2 in the more distant future 3 during the next 1-2 years 4 immediately after graduation from secondary school Attitudes toward possible future social status I am likely to be a/n... 162. ... agricultural worker 1 no, I am not likely to 2 yes, in the more distant future 3 yes, in the near future 163. ... worker (except in agriculture) 1 no, I am not likely to 2 yes, in the more distant future 3 yes, in the near future 164. ... employee-nonprofessional 1 no, I am not likely to 2 yes, in the more distant future 3 yes, in the near future 165. ... professional with a specialized secondary education 1 no, I am not likely to 2 yes, in the more distant future 3 yes, in the near future 166. ... professional with a higher education 1 no, I am not likely to 2 yes, in the more distant future 3 yes, in the near future 167. ... manager or administrator 1 no, I am not likely to 2 yes, in the more distant future 3 yes, in the near future 168. ... scientist, researcher 1 no, I am not likely to 2 yes, in the more distant future 3 yes, in the near future 169. Where would you like to live? 1 in the countryside 2 in a rural community 3 in a small city 4 in a large city 5 in the capital city At what age do you intend to ... 170. ... complete your full-time education 1 before the age of 20 2 20-21 3 22-23 4 24-25 5 26-27 6 28-29 7 at 30 or later 171. ... start working 1 before the age of 20 2 20-21 3 22-23 4 24-25 5 26-27 6 28-29 7 at 30 or later 172. ... choose a stable place of residence 1 before the age of 20 2 20-21 3 22-23 4 24-25 5 26-27 6 28-29 7 at 30 or later 173. ... have your own living-space 1 before the age of 20 2 20-21 3 22-23 4 24-25 5 26-27 6 28-29 7 at 30 or later 174. ... marry 1 before the age of 20 2 20-21 3 22-23 4 24-25 5 26-27 6 28-29 7 at 30 or later 175. ... have your first child 1 before the age of 20 2 20-21 3 22-23 4 24-25 5 26-27 6 28-29 7 at 30 or later 176. When did you become interested in what is likely to be your future profession? 1 only recently 2 after the completion of 8-year fundamental education 3 in 8th grade 4 before 8th grade Working in a special field involves certain standards and requirements. To what degree do you know... 177. ... the standards and requirements of the specialization you have chosen 1 not much at all 2 not too well 3 well 4 very well 178. ... your qualifications for working in this field 1 not much at all 2 not too well 3 well 4 very well 179. ... the nature of the work you will have to do 1 not much at all 2 not too well 3 well 4 very well 180. ... chances of occupational advancement 1 not much at all 2 not too well 3 well 4 very well 181. ... the system of remuneration 1 not much at all 2 not too well 3 well 4 very well What do your parents, teachers, friends, and counsellors advise you to do? 182. Father 1 I do not care about his opinion 2 I do not know his opinion 3 He is indifferent 4 I should start working 5 I should continue my schooling 183. Mother 1 I do not care about his opinion 2 I do not know his opinion 3 She is indifferent 4 I should start working 5 I should continue my schooling 184. Teachers 1 I do not care about his opinion 2 I do not know his opinion 3 They are indifferent 4 I should start working 5 I should continue my schooling 185. Friends 1 I do not care about his opinion 2 I do not know his opinion 3 They are is indifferent 4 I should start working 5 I should continue my schooling 186. Counsellors 1 I do not care about his opinion 2 I do not know his opinion 3 They are is indifferent 4 I should start working 5 I should continue my schooling What are you likely to be at the age of 30? What do your parents wish you to do at that age? 187. My own wish 1 Collective farmer, agricultural worker 2 Worker in manufacturing, construction, transportation 3 Worker in the service industry 4 Employee without special education (nonprofessional) 5 Agricultural specialist 6 Professional in economics, finances 7 Professional in the service industry, commerce 8 Teacher 9 Professional in the sphere of culture 10 Engineer 11 Medical professional 12 Manager, administrator 13 Scientist, researcher 14 Creative intellectual (artist, musician, etc.) 15 Lawyer 16 Military, policeman 188. My father's wish 1 Collective farmer, agricultural worker 2 Worker in manufacturing, construction, transportation 3 Worker in the service industry 4 Employee without special education (nonprofessional) 5 Agricultural specialist 6 Professional in economics, finances 7 Professional in the service industry, commerce 8 Teacher 9 Professional in the sphere of culture 10 Engineer 11 Medical professional 12 Manager, administrator 13 Scientist, researcher 14 Creative intellectual (artist, musician, etc.) 15 Lawyer 16 Military, policeman 189. My mother's wish 1 Collective farmer, agricultural worker 2 Worker in manufacturing, construction, transportation 3 Worker in the service industry 4 Employee without special education (nonprofessional) 5 Agricultural specialist 6 Professional in economics, finances 7 Professional in the service industry, commerce 8 Teacher 9 Professional in the sphere of culture 10 Engineer 11 Medical professional 12 Manager, administrator 13 Scientist, researcher 14 Creative intellectual (artist, musician, etc.) 15 Lawyer 16 Military, policeman In your opinion, what is the prestige of the following occupations? 190. Live-stock expert 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 191. Typist 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 192. Manager 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 193. Economist 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 194. Storekeeper 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 195. Tractor-driver 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 196. Architect 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 197. Truck driver 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 198. Commodities and trade expert 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 199. Turner 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 200. Teacher 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 201. Shoemaker 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 202. Scientist 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 203. Hospital attendant 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 204. Tailor 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 205. Waiter 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 206. Physician 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 207. Agricultural worker 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 208. Construction worker 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 209. Agronomist 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 210. Actor 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 211. Milker, dairy farm worker 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 212. Book-keeper 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 213. Fashion designer 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 214. Shop-assistant 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 215. Engineer 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 216. Fitter 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 217. Nurse 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 218. Plumber 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high 219. Taxi-driver 1 low 2 rather low 3 average 4 rather high 5 high After graduation from 8-year fundamental school you chose one of three forms of secondary education - general, specialized, or vocational secondary school. Whose advice or what circumstances influenced your choice? 220. Teachers 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 221. Father 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 222. Mother 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 223. Class-mates 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 224. Head-teacher, principal 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 225. Interest in certain subject or field 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 226. Counsellor 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 227. My hobby 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 228. Example of acquaintances 1 not at all 2 not significantly 3 partially 4 significantly 229. Are you satisfied with your choice? 1 no, not at all 2 no, not completely 3 yes, fairly 4 yes, completely Try to assess the advantages of the type of secondary education you chose 230. It allows for more independent studies 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 231. The program of studies is less challenging 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 232. It provides good prospects for the future 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 233. It promotes material independence 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 234. It enables development of one's personality 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 235. The quality of education is higher 1 disagree strongly 2 disagree 3 agree 4 agree strongly 236. Would you repeat your choice? 1 no 2 probably not 3 probably 4 yes, definitely 237. Which form of secondary education would you choose at present? 1 rural vocational school 2 urban vocational school 3 agricultural specialized secondary school 4 industrial specialized secondary school 5 humanitarian specialized secondary school 6 general secondary school 7 special academic grades of general secondary school 238. If you intend to continue your schooling after the attainment of secondary education, when did you decide to do so? 1 I do not intend to continue my education 2 I decided to quite recently 3 after graduation from 8-year fundamental school 4 in 8th grade 5 in 7th grade or earlier Self-appraisal of certain qualities 239. I am popular among my classmates 1 no 2 yes 240. I am very worried that I will not finish secondary school on time 1 no 2 yes 241. I am considered an activist at school 1 no 2 yes 242. I have had conflicts with teachers and the school administration 1 no 2 yes 243. I study according to my abilities 1 no 2 yes 244. I study no more than is absolutely necessary 1 no 2 yes 245. Others consider my appearance unattractive 1 no 2 yes Work should enable one to... 246. ...steady self-improvement 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 247. ...earn a lot of money 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 248. ...win the respect of friends 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 249. ...live peacefully and securely 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 250. ...obtain a high social position 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 251. ...associate with people 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 252. ...be useful to society 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 253. ...occupational advancement 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 254. ...do clean and physically easy work 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 255. ...steadily improve one's knowledge and professional skills 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 256. ...deal with interesting things 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 257. ...see the results of one's work 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 258. ...certain freedom in choosing how to use one's working time 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 259. ...be useful to people 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 260. ...create new things 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 261. ...use one's abilities 1 unimportant 2 fairly unimportant 3 fairly important 4 very important 262. Gender 1 male 2 female 263. Age 264. The age at the beginning of formal schooling One month = 0.08 7 -"- = 0.58 2 months = 0.17 8 -"- = 0.66 3 -"- = 0.25 9 -"- = 0.75 4 -"- = 0.32 10 -"- = 0.83 5 -"- = 0.41 11 -"- = 0.91 6 -"- = 0.50 e.g., 7 years 8 months = 7.66 6 years 10 months = 6.83 etc. What is the state of your health? 265. I have had only colds and minor infections 1 yes 2 no 266. I have had more serious ailments from which I have fully recovered 1 yes 2 no 267. I suffer from chronic diseases 1 yes 2 no 268. How do you assess the state of your health? 1 my health is good 2 my health has not prevented me from doing anything 3 my health prevents me to do hard physical work 4 because of poor health I cannot participate in most of the activities of my peers 269. Do you smoke? If you do, then how many cigarettes do you smoke daily? 1 I do not smoke 2 I smoke occasionally 3 Half a pack a day 4 At least a pack a day 270. If you smoke, at what age did you start? 271. Do you drink alcohol? 1 no, practically not 2 rarely 3 quite often (in company) 4 yes, regularly 272. If you drink alcohol, at what age did you start to? 273. Have you had sexual intercourse? 1 yes 2 no 274. If you have had sexual intercourse, at what age did you first have it? (does not exist in data file) 275. How tall are you? 276. How much do you weigh? Migration connected with the completion of secondary education 277. Place of birth 1 Estonia 2 Russia 3 Other 278. Place of birth 1 The capital city 2 A city with at least 100,000 inhabitants 3 A city with 10,000-100,000 inhabitants 4 A small city or town 5 Village 279. Father's birth-place 1 The capital city 2 A city with at least 100,000 inhabitants 3 A city with 10,000-100,000 inhabitants 4 A small city or town 5 Village 280. Mother's birth-place 1 The capital city 2 A city with at least 100,000 inhabitants 3 A city with 10,000-100,000 inhabitants 4 A small city or town 5 Village 281. Began formal schooling 1 The capital city 2 A city with at least 100,000 inhabitants 3 A city with 10,000-100,000 inhabitants 4 A small city or town 5 Village 282. Received 8-year fundamental education in... 1 The capital city 2 A city with at least 100,000 inhabitants 3 A city with 10,000-100,000 inhabitants 4 A small city or town 5 Village 283. Received secondary education in... 1 The capital city 2 A city with at least 100,000 inhabitants 3 A city with 10,000-100,000 inhabitants 4 A small city or town 5 Village 284. Received 8-year fundamental education... 1 In an 8-year fundamental school 2 In a secondary school 285. Father's social group 1 Collective farmers 2 Workers (incl. state farm workers) 3 Employees without postsecondary education 4 Professionals 5 Old age pensioners and home makers 6 Other (the military, police, etc.) 286. Father's sector of employment 1 Manufacturing 2 Construction (excl. agricultural construction) 3 Transportation, communications 4 State farms 5 Commerce, catering 6 Marketing, processing 7 Community parks, grounds, utilities maintenance 8 Service industries 9 Public health, social insurance, athletic organizations 10 Education, culture, science 11 Finances, insurance, government and state institutions, social organizations 12 Other organizations and firms 13 Collective farms 14 Collective fisheries 15 Forestry 16 Rural construction 17 Other agriculture-specific sectors 287. Mother's social group 1 Collective farmers 2 Workers (incl. state farm workers) 3 Employees without postsecondary education 4 Professionals 5 Old age pensioners and home makers 6 Other (the military, police, etc.) 288. Mother's sector of employment 1 Manufacturing 2 Construction (excl. agricultural construction) 3 Transportation, communications 4 State farms 5 Commerce, catering 6 Marketing, processing 7 Community parks, grounds, utilities maintenance 8 Service industries 9 Public health, social insurance, athletic organizations 10 Education, culture, science 11 Finances, insurance, government and state institutions, social organizations 12 Other organizations and firms 13 Collective farms 14 Collective fisheries 15 Forestry 16 Rural construction 17 Other agriculture-specific sectors 289. Father's social status at beginning of his career 1 Collective farmer 2 State farm worker 3 Agricultural specialist 4 Manufacturing, construction, transportation worker 5 Service industry worker 6 Service personnel 7 Employee-nonprofessional 8 Professional in the field of economics, finance, catering 9 Professional in the field of culture or education 10 Engineer 11 Medical professional 12 Administrator or manager 13 Scientist, researcher, professor 14 Creative worker (artist, musician, actor, etc.) 15 Military or policeman 16 Other 290. Mother's social status at beginning of her career 1 Collective farmer 2 State farm worker 3 Agricultural specialist 4 Manufacturing, construction, transportation worker 5 Service industry worker 6 Service personnel 7 Employee-nonprofessional 8 Professional in the field of economics, finance, catering 9 Professional in the field of culture or education 10 Engineer 11 Medical professional 12 Administrator or manager 13 Scientist, researcher, professor 14 Creative worker (artist, musician, actor, etc.) 15 Military or policeman 16 Other 291. Father's current occupation 1 Collective farmer 2 State farm worker 3 Agricultural specialist 4 Manufacturing, construction, transportation worker 5 Service industry worker 6 Service personnel 7 Employee-nonprofessional 8 Professional in the field of economics, finance, catering 9 Professional in the field of culture or education 10 Engineer 11 Medical professional 12 Administrator or manager 13 Scientist, researcher, professor 14 Creative worker (artist, musician, actor, etc.) 15 Military or policeman 16 Other 292. Mother's current occupation 1 Collective farmer 2 State farm worker 3 Agricultural specialist 4 Manufacturing, construction, transportation worker 5 Service industry worker 6 Service personnel 7 Employee-nonprofessional 8 Professional in the field of economics, finance, catering 9 Professional in the field of culture or education 10 Engineer 11 Medical professional 12 Administrator or manager 13 Scientist, researcher, professor 14 Creative worker (artist, musician, actor, etc.) 15 Military or policeman 16 Other 293. Father's education 1 elementary (4 or less years) 2 5-6 years 3 7-9 years 4 secondary education 5 specialized secondary or some college 6 higher education 294. Mother's education 1 elementary (4 or less years) 2 5-6 years 3 7-9 years 4 secondary education 5 specialized secondary or some college 6 higher education 295. Father's native language 2 Russian 6 Estonian 8 other 296. Mother's native language 2 Russian 6 Estonian 8 other 297. Respondent's native language (if there is more than one, code 9) 2 Russian 6 Estonian 8 other 300. The parents' relationship at home was... 1 poor 2 fairly bad 3 fairly good 4 very good The relationship between parents and children 301. I had concrete commitments and tasks at home 1 definitely not 2 not really 3 yes, for the most part 4 yes, definitely 302. My parents tried to teach me something 1 definitely not 2 not really 3 yes, for the most part 4 yes, definitely 303. I was often punished at home 1 no, never 2 rarely 3 sometimes 4 yes, often 304. My behavior and pastimes were closely watched at home 1 no, never 2 rarely 3 sometimes 4 yes, often 305. I spent my spare time with my parents 1 no, never 2 rarely 3 sometimes 4 yes, often 306. I often had conflicts with my parents 1 no, never 2 rarely 3 sometimes 4 yes, often 307. Father's field of employment 1 metal industry, machine building 2 road transportation and traffic 3 maritime transportation, fishing 4 air transportation and traffic 5 railroad transportation and traffic 6 communications 7 electrical engineering, electrician 8 manufacturing 9 mining 10 other technical fields 11 construction and wood processing 12 land cultivation and animal husbandry 13 land improvement 14 forestry 15 service industries 16 commerce, catering 17 education 18 science 19 cultural affairs 20 public health 21 clerical workers 22 storage and processing 23 community parks, grounds, utilities maintenance 24 public security (police, etc.) 25 the military 26 general administration and politics 27 old age pensioner, home-maker 28 other 29 absent or dead 308. Father's rank in the structure of the national economy 1 job that does not presuppose any special education or training and that is not categorized 2 apprentice of 1 3 job that requires training but does not presuppose vocational school education (categories 1-5) 4 apprentice of 3 5 speciality attained at vocational school (categories 5 and 6) 6 apprentice of 5 7 employee-nonprofessional with general secondary education 8 assistant to 7 9 professional with specialized secondary education 10 assistant to 9 11 professional with higher education, middle-level manager or administrator 12 deputy to 11 13 top-level administrator 14 deputy to 13 15 head or deputy head of government institution or ministerial department 16 worker whose rank cannot be identified 17 professional whose rank cannot be identified 18 old-age pensioner, home-maker 19 other (military, police) 20 unknown or dead 309. Father's concrete job Code Rank 1 top-level administrator (manager, head) 13 2 chief engineer 13 3 chief mechanical engineer 13 4 chief electrical engineer 13 5 other chief specialist 13 6 shop manager 13 7 department head 13 8 engineer 1-11 9 mechanical engineer 9-11 10 depot manager 9-11 11 technician 9 12 foreman 9 13 work-unit manager 9 Field 1: metal industry, machine-building. Occupations 16 locksmith 3-5 17 turner 4 18 welder 4 19 fitter 4 20 other Field 2: road transportation 23 driver 5 24 bus driver 5 25 tram and trolley-bus driver 5 26 tractor driver 5 27 driver of other machines 5 Field 3: maritime transportation and fishing industry 30 fisher 3 Fields 4 & 5: were not specified Field 6: communications 35 postmaster 8 36 postman 2 Field 7: power utilities 39 electrician 5 Field 8: various manufacture 41 weaver, spinner 5 42 seamstress 5 43 other 1-3 Field 9: mining 46 miner & other mine-specific jobs 3 Field 10: other technical jobs Field 11: construction industry: professionals 50 civil engineer 11 51 work-unit leader 9-11 blue-collar jobs 52 carpenter, joiner 5 53 mason, brick-layer 5 54 painter, plasterer 5 55 construction worker 3 Field 12: land cultivation and animal husbandry: professionals 58 manager of a state or collective farm 13 59 chief live-stock expert 13 60 chief agronomist 13 61 chief veterinarian 13 62 agronomist 9 or 11 63 live-stock expert 9 or 11 64 veterinary surgeon 11 65 vet's assistant 9 66-67 farm's team-leader 9 blue-collar jobs 68 milkman 3 69-76 farm hand 1 Field 13: land-improvement 79 unskilled worker 1 Field 14: forestry 81 forest guard 2 82 lumberman 1 Field 15: service industries 84 hairdresser 5 85 tailor (cutter) 5 86 receiver of orders 3 87 other 2,5,7 Field 16: commerce and catering 90 shop manager 9-10 91 sales person 5 92 cook, confectioner 5 93 bartender, waiter 5 94 dish-washer 1 Field 17: education 97 teacher 8-9-11-12 98 day-care center or kindergarten director 10 99 day-care center teacher 100 nurse Field 18: science 103 professor, researcher, lecturer 11(13) Field 19: cultural affairs 105 unspecified Field 20: public health 107 physician 11 108 nurse 9 109 doctor's assistant 9 110 hospital attendant 1 Field 21: planning and book-keeping 113 chief book-keeper, chief economist 13 114 book-keeper, economist 7-11 115 administrator in the field of economics 9 116 personnel manager 8-10 117 accountant 7 118 dispatcher 7 119 secretary 7 120 typist 7 121 cashier 7 122 inspector, instructor 7 Field 22: storing and processing 123 trade and commodities expert 7-11 124 storehouse manager 9 125 outfitter 8 126 inspector-controller 7 127 dispatcher 7 128 storekeeper 2 129 transportation worker 1 130 unskilled worker 1 Field 23: community grounds, utilities maintenance 134 stoker 4 135 watchman 1 136 charwoman 1 137 caretaker 1 Field 24-26: unspecified Field 28: other jobs 143 employee 7 144 worker 145 collective farmer, farm hand Field 27: old age pensioners, home-makers 146 pensioner Field 29: no information 147 unknown or dead 310. The accuracy of coding father's occupational status 1 easy, related to a concrete field 2 easy, but not related to any concrete field 3 the specifics of the field are commonly known 4 the specifics of the field could not be verified 311. Mother's field of employment 1 metal industry, machine building 2 road transportation and traffic 3 maritime transportation, fishing 4 air transportation and traffic 5 railroad transportation and traffic 6 communications 7 electrical engineering, electrician 8 manufacturing 9 mining 10 other technical fields 11 construction and wood processing 12 land cultivation and animal husbandry 13 land improvement 14 forestry 15 service industries 16 commerce, catering 17 education 18 science 19 cultural affairs 20 public health 21 clerical workers 22 storage and processing 23 community parks, grounds, utilities maintenance 24 public security (police, etc.) 25 the military 26 general administration and politics 27 old age pensioner, home-maker 28 other 29 absent or dead 312. Mother's rank in the structure of the national economy 1 job that does not presuppose any special education or training and that is not categorized 2 apprentice of 1 3 job that requires training but does not presuppose vocational school education (categories 1-5) 4 apprentice of 3 5 speciality attained at vocational school (categories 5 and 6) 6 apprentice of 5 7 employee-nonprofessional with general secondary education 8 assistant to 7 9 professional with specialized secondary education 10 assistant to 9 11 professional with higher education, middle-level manager or administrator 12 deputy to 11 13 top-level administrator 14 deputy to 13 15 head or deputy head of government institution or ministerial department 16 worker whose rank cannot be identified 17 professional whose rank cannot be identified 18 old-age pensioner, home-maker 19 other (military, police) 20 unknown or dead 313. Mother's concrete job Code Rank 1 top-level administrator (manager, head) 13 2 chief engineer 13 3 chief mechanical engineer 13 4 chief electrical engineer 13 5 other chief specialist 13 6 shop manager 13 7 department head 13 8 engineer 1-11 9 mechanical engineer 9-11 10 depot manager 9-11 11 technician 9 12 foreman 9 13 work-unit manager 9 Field 1: metal industry, machine-building. Occupations 16 locksmith 3-5 17 turner 4 18 welder 4 19 fitter 4 20 other Field 2: road transportation 23 driver 5 24 bus driver 5 25 tram and trolley-bus driver 5 26 tractor driver 27 driver of other machines 5 Field 3: maritime transportation and fishing industry 30 fisher 3 Fields 4 & 5: were not specified Field 6: communications 35 postmaster 8 36 postman 2 Field 7: power utilities 39 electrician 5 Field 8: various manufacture 41 weaver, spinner 5 42 seamstress 5 43 other 1-3 Field 9: mining 46 miner & other mine-specific jobs 3 Field 10: other technical jobs Field 11: construction industry: professionals 50 civil engineer 11 51 work-unit manager 9-11 blue-collar jobs 52 carpenter, joiner 5 53 mason, brick-layer 5 54 painter, plasterer 5 55 construction worker 3 Field 12: land cultivation and animal husbandry: professionals 58 manager of a state or collective farm 13 59 chief live-stock expert 13 60 chief agronomist 13 61 chief veterinarian 13 62 agronomist 9 or 11 63 live-stock expert 9 or 11 64 veterinary surgeon 11 65 vet's assistant 9 66-67 farm's team-leader 9 blue-collar jobs 68 milkman 3 69-76 farm hand 1 Field 13: land-improvement 79 unskilled worker 1 Field 14: forestry 81 forest guard 2 82 lumberman 1 Field 15: service industries 84 hairdresser 5 85 tailor (cutter) 5 86 receiver of orders 3 87 other 2,5,7 Field 16: commerce and catering 90 shop manager 9-10 91 sales person 5 92 cook, confectioner 5 93 bartender, waiter 5 94 dish-washer 1 Field 17: education 97 teacher 8-9-11-12 98 day-care center or kindergarten director 10 99 day-care center teacher 100 nurse Field 18: science 103 professor, researcher, lecturer 11(13) Field 19: cultural affairs 105 unspecified Field 20: public health 107 physician 11 108 nurse 9 109 doctor's assistant 9 110 hospital attendant 1 Field 21: planning and book-keeping 113 chief book-keeper, chief economist 13 114 book-keeper, economist 7-11 115 administrator in the field of economics 9 116 personnel manager 8-10 117 accountant 7 118 dispatcher 7 119 secretary 7 120 typist 7 121 cashier 7 122 inspector, instructor 7 Field 22: storing and processing 123 trade and commodities expert 7-11 124 storehouse manager 9 125 outfitter 8 126 inspector-controller 7 127 forwarding agent 7 128 storekeeper 2 129 transportation worker 1 130 unskilled worker 1 Field 23: community grounds, utilities maintenance 134 stoker 4 135 watchman 1 136 charwoman 1 137 caretaker 1 Field 24-26: unspecified Field 28: other jobs 143 employee 7 144 worker 145 collective farmer, farm hand Field 27: old age pensioners, home-makers 146 pensioner Field 29: no information 147 unknown or dead 314. The accuracy of coding mother's occupational status 1 easy, related to a concrete field 2 easy, but not related to any concrete field 3 the specifics of the field are commonly known 4 the specifics of the field could not be verified Variables 315-342 are excluded from data file. 315. The economic level of collective and state farms T E S T (J. Holland) 316 P - practical 317 I - intellectual 318 S - social 319 C - conventional 320 E - enterprising 321 A - artistic G A T B (General Aptitude Test Battery) 322 V1 - form perception 323 V2 - spatial aptitude 324 V3 - clerical perception 325 V4 - numerical aptitude 326 V5 - form perception 327 V6 - numerical aptitude 328 V7 - verbal aptitude 329 V8 - motor coordination 330 V13 - numerical aptitude 331 V6 - score of subtests Grades 332 Biology 333 Geography 334 Chemistry 335 Physics 336 Mathematics 337 Drawing 338 Estonian 339 Foreign language 340 History 341 Social sciences 342 x Grade-point average 343 Variable of sample 1 Respondents belong to national sample 2 Respondents to be added to national sample to create subsamplees of the main types of secondary education 3 Respondents to be added to the subsamples of the main types to create subsamples of the subtypes of secondary education 4 The rest of respondents, not belonging to any of representative subsamples (so- called reserve) 344 Type of settlement in which the school is located 1 Up to 2,000 inhabitants 2 2,000-5,000 3 5,000-10,000 4 10,000-25,000 5 25,000-100,000 6 Tartu (110,000 inhabitants) 7 Tallinn (450,000 inhabitants) 345 Region in Estonia in which the school is located 1 Tallinn 2 Tartu 3 North 4 North-East 5 West 6 Central 7 South-East
Välis_ID
83960012
Lühikirjeldus
The first-stage questionnaire was originally written in the Russian language jointly by the researchers from all regions where the survey was to be conducted. This version was the standard for all other versions. The translation into the Estonian language was done by the research team in Estonia. The questionnaires in Russian and Estonian are identical. Both versions of the questionnaire were printed by the Printing and Publishing Department of Tartu University.

UURINGUGA SEOTUD ISIKUD:
Titma Mikk
Kenkmann Paul
Saarniit Jüri
Ennok Avo
Talv Villu
Saar Ellu
Kirch Aksel
Vöörmann Rein
Pauts Indrek
Kirch Marika
Helemäe Jelena
Sukamägi Aimi
Tamm Karl
Saari Mari
Lepik Riina
Mikk Lana

UURINGUGA SEOTUD INSTITUTSIOONID:
TÜ Sotsioloogiaosakond