Uurimus
Pòlvkondade eluteed 93
Alguse aeg
1992
Lõpu aeg
1993
Staatus
SPSS fail
Uurimisobjekt
Eeskiri
Realiseerumine
Küsitlusmeetod
During the third wave highly standardized face-to-face interviews were carried out for gathering data. The second part of the interview consisted of indicators about respondents' opinions and attitudes. This part included questions to which respondents gave written answers. This method of data collection was necessary in order to establish comparability of these data to those gathered on the same way at Stages 1 and 2. These interviews were mainly conducted at respondents' homes.
Kodeerimisjuhend
WAVE 3: CODEBOOK FOR ESTONIA NB! For all variables -1 Missing -2 Do not know RID. Respondent's identification number REGION. Region where the survey was conducted 1 Estonia 2 Latvia 3 Lithuania 4 Belorus 5 Krasnodar 6 Yekaterinburg 7 Karaganda 8 Moscow 9 Moldavia QLANG. Language of questionnaire 1 Russian 2 Latvian 3 Lithuanian 4 Estonian 5 Rumanian 6 Other INTDAY. Day of interview INTMNTH. Month of interview 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December INTYR. Year of interview BEGHR. Hour interview began BEGMIN. Minute interview began ENDHR. Hour interview ended ENDMIN. Minute interview ended INTPLACE. Place where the interview was conducted 1 R's home 2 R's workplace 3 research center 4 other INTCODE. Interviewer's identification number Q1_1. R's birth day Q1_2. R's birth month 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q1_3. R's birth year Q2_1. R's birth country Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q2_2. R's birth oblast Not used in Estonia Q2_3. R's birth district (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q2_4. R's birth settlement (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q3. Type of R's birth settlement 1 Capital 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q4. R's nationality 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijan 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other Q5. R's sex 1 Male 2 Female Q6. R's mother's birth year -3 Does not know mother Q7_1. R's mother's birth country Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q7_2. R's mother's birth oblast Not used in Estonia Q7_3. R's mother's birth district (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q7_4. R's mother's birth settlement (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q8. Type of R's mother's birth settlement 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village CHECK1. Was R's mother born in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q9. Year R's mother came to the region where the survey was conducted -3 R's mother never lived in the region where the survey was conducted Q10. R's mother's nationality 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijan 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other Q11. Is R's mother still alive? 1 Yes 2 No Q12. R's mother's year of death Q13. R's mother's main activity when R was born 1 Working 2 Studying 3 Neither working nor studying Q14. R's father's birth year -3 Do not know father Q15_1. R's father's birth country Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q15_2. R's father's birth oblast Not used in Estonia Q15_3. R's father's birth district (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q15_4. R's father's birth settlement (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q16. Type of R's father's birth settlement 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village CHECK2. Was R's father born in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q17. Year R's father came to the region where the survey was conducted -3 R's father never lived in the region where the survey was conducted Q18. R's father's nationality 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijan 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other Q19. Is R's father still alive? 1 Yes 2 No Q20. R's father's year of death Q21. R's father's main activity when R was born 1 Working 2 Studying 3 Neither working nor studying 4 In the military Q22. Year R's parents married -3 R's parents never married, but lived together -4 R's parents never married nor lived together Q23. Year R's parents started to live together Q24. Do R's parents still live together? 1 Yes 2 No Q25. Year R's parents stopped living together Q26. Reason R's parents stopped living together 1 Registered divorce/separation 2 R's father died 3 R's mother died Q27. Does R have a stepmother? 1 Yes 2 No *** Table "Stepmothers" First stepmother Q28_1. Year R's stepmother joined the family Q29_1. Was R's stepmother in the family at the time of the interview? 1 Yes 2 No Q30_1. Year R's stepmother left the family Second stepmother Q28_2 to Q30_2 are analogous to Q28_1 to Q30_1 Third stepmother Q28_3 to Q30_3 are analogous to Q28_1 to Q30_1 *** End of the table Q31. Is the stepmother referred to in Q27 to Q30 R's only stepmother? 1 Yes 2 No Q32. Does R have a stepfather? 1 Yes 2 No *** Table "Stepfathers" First stepfather Q33_1. Year R's stepfather joined the family Q34_1. Was R's stepfather in the family at the time of the interview? 1 Yes 2 No Q35_1. Year R's stepfather left family Second stepfather Q33_2 to Q35_2 are analogous to Q33_1 to Q35_1 Third stepfather Q33_3 to Q35_3 are analogous to Q33_1 to Q35_1 *** End of the table Q36. Is the stepfather referred to in Q32 to Q35 R's only stepfather? 1 Yes 2 No CHECK3. Does R know his/her own mother? 1 Yes 2 No Q37_1. Country where R's maternal grandmother was living when R entered the 1st grade Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. -3 Grandmother was dead by that time -4 Do not know grandmother Q37_2. Oblast where R's maternal grandmother was living when R entered the 1st grade Not used in Estonia Q37_3. District where R's maternal grandmother was living when R entered the 1st grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -3 Grandmother was dead by that time -4 Do not know grandmother -5 Outside Estonia Q37_4. Settlement where R's maternal grandmother was living when R entered the 1st grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q38. Type of R's maternal grandmother's settlement when R entered the 1st grade 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q39. Relations between R and R's maternal grandmother when R entered the 1st grade 1 Were living together 2 Were living together from time to time 3 Visited her at least once a week 4 Visited her at least once a month 5 Visited her a couple of times a year or less 6 Had no contact with her at all Q40. R's maternal grandmother's level of education 1 4 years or less 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education (gymnasium) 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education Q41. Was R's maternal grandmother born in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q42. Has R's maternal grandmother ever lived in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q43. Year R's maternal grandmother moved to the region where the survey was conducted Q44. Nationality of R's maternal grandmother 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijani 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other CHECK4. Does R know his/her father? 1 Yes 2 No Q45_1. Country where R's paternal grandfather was living when R entered the 1st grade Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. -3 Grandfather was dead by that time -4 Does not know grandfather Q45_2. Oblast where R's paternal grandfather was living when R entered the 1st grade Not used in Estonia Q45_3. District where R's paternal grandfather was living when R entered the 1st grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -3 Grandfather was dead by that time -4 Does not know grandfather -5 Outside Estonia Q45_4. Settlement where R's paternal grandfather was living when R entered the 1st grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q46. Type of R's paternal grandfather's settlement when R entered the 1st grade 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q47. Relations between R and paternal grandfather when R entered the 1st grade 1 Were living together 2 Were living together from time to time 3 Visited him at least once a week 4 Visited him at least once a month 5 Visited him a couple of times a year or less 6 Had no contact with him at all Q48. R's paternal grandfather's level of education 1 4 years or less 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education (gymnasium) 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education Q49. Was R's paternal grandfather born in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q50. Has R's paternal grandfather ever lived in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q51. Year R's paternal grandfather moved to the region where the survey was conducted Q52. Nationality of R's paternal grandfather 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijani 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other Q53. Year R entered the 1st grade Q54. Did R live in his/her birthplace when he/she entered the 1st grade? 1 Yes 2 No Q55_1. R's country when he/she entered the 1st grade Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q55_2. R's oblast when he/she entered the 1st grade Not used in Estonia Q55_3. R's district when he/she entered the 1st grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q55_4. R's settlement when he/she entered the 1st grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q56. Type of R's settlement when he/she entered the 1st grade 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q57_1. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's father 1 Belonged to the household 2 Did not belong to the household Q57_2. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's mother For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_3. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's stepfather For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_4. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's stepmother For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_5. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's siblings For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_6. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's maternal grandmother For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_7. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's paternal grandmother For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_8. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's maternal grandfather For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_9. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: R's paternal grandfather For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_10. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_11. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q57_1 Q57_12. Composition of R's household when he/she entered the 1st grade: other household members For codes, see Q57_1 Q58. Total number of household members when R entered the 1st grade Q59. R's type of dwelling when he/she entered the 1st grade 1 Dormitory 2 Rented from a private person 3 Apartment with a shared kitchen 4 Separate apartment rented from state, enterprise etc. 5 Cooperative apartment 6 Private house owned by relatives 7 Private house owned by respondent 8 House belonging to kolkhoz 9 Other Q60. Number of rooms for household members when R entered the 1st grade CHECK5. Was R's mother or stepmother living in the household when R entered the 1st grade? 1 Belonged to the household 2 Did not belong to the household Q61. R's mother's or stepmother's main activity when R entered the 1st grade 1 Working 2 Studying 3 Neither working nor studying Q62. R's mother's or stepmother's occupation when R entered the 1st grade Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. Q63. R's mother's or stepmother's sector of economy when R entered the 1st grade 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties CHECK6. Was R's father or stepfather in the household when R entered the 1st grade? 1 Belonged to the household 2 Did not belong to the household Q64. R's father's or stepfather's main activity when R entered the 1st grade 1 Working 2 Studying 3 Neither working nor studying Q65. R's father's or stepfather's occupation when R entered the 1st grade Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. Q66. R's father's or stepfather's sector of economy when R entered the 1st grade 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q67. Year R graduated from the 8th grade Q68. Was R's place of residence the same in the 1st and 8th grades? 1 Yes 2 No Q69_1. R's country when he/she graduated from the 8th grade Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q69_2. R's oblast when he/she graduated from the 8th grade Not used in Estonia Q69_3. R's district when he/she graduated from the 8th grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q69_4. R's settlement when he/she graduated from the 8th grade (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q70. Type of R's settlement when he/she graduated from the 8th grade 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q71_1. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's father 1 Yes 2 No Q71_2. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's mother For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_3. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's stepfather For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_4. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's stepmother For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_5. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's siblings For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_6. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's maternal grandmother For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_7. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's paternal grandmother For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_8. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's maternal grandfather For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_9. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: R's paternal grandfather For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_10. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_11. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q71_1 Q71_12. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade: Other household members For codes, see Q71_1 Q72. Total number of R's household members when he/she graduated from the 8th grade Q73. R's type of dwelling when he/she graduated from the 8th grade 1 Dormitory 2 Rented from a private person 3 Apartment with a shared kitchen 4 Separate apartment rented from state, enterprise etc. 5 Cooperative apartment 6 Private house owned by relatives 7 Private house owned by respondent 8 House belonging to kolkhoz 9 Other Q74. Number of rooms in R's household when he/she graduated from the 8th grade Q75. R's home language when he/she graduated from the 8th grade 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Hebrew 11 Tatar 12 Bashkir 13 Azerbaijani 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagauz 19 Tajik 20 Turkmenian 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adygee 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other 27 Russian+other 28 Other combinations Q75A. R's native language For codes, see Q75 Q76. Language spoken by R's neighbors at the time he/she graduated from the 8th grade 1 R's native language only 2 Mostly R's native language 3 About half spoke R's native language 4 Mostly some other language 5 Some other language only Q77. Language neighbors spoke to R when he/she graduated from the 8th grade For codes, see Q76 CHECK7. Was R's mother or stepmother in the household when R graduated from the 8th grade? 1 Yes 2 No Q78. R's mother's or stepmother's occupation when R graduated from the 8th grade Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 None of these Q79. R's mother's or stepmother's sector of economy when R graduated from the 8th grade 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties CHECK8. Was R's father or stepfather in the household when R graduated from the 8th grade? 1 Yes 2 No Q80. R's father's or stepfather's occupation when R graduated from the 8th grade Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 None of these Q81. R's father's or stepfather's sector of economy when R graduated from the 8th grade 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q82. Year R graduated from secondary school -3 Did not graduate from secondary school Q83. Type of R's secondary school 1 Rural vocational school 2 Urban vocational school 3 Specialized secondary school in agriculture 4 Specialized secondary school in industry 5 Specialized secondary school in humanities 6 Regular grade of general secondary school 7 Specialized grade of general secondary school (since grade 9) 8 Specialized grade of general secondary school (since grade 1 or 2) Q84_1. Country where R's secondary school was located Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q84_2. Oblast where R's secondary school was located Not used in Estonia Q84_3. District where R's secondary school was located (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q84_4. Settlement where R's secondary school was located (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q85. Type of settlement where R's secondary school was located 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q86. Was R's place of residence when graduating from secondary school the same as when graduating from 8th grade? 1 Yes 2 No Q87_1. R's country when he/she graduated from secondary school Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q87_2. R's oblast when he/she graduated from secondary school Not used in Estonia Q87_3. R's district when he/she graduated from secondary school (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q87_4. R's settlement when he/she graduated from secondary school (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q88. Type of R's settlement when he/she graduated from secondary school 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q89. Did R live with his/her parents when he/she graduated from secondary school? 1 Yes 2 No Q90_1. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's father 1 Belonged to the household 2 Did not belong to the household Q90_2. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's mother For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_3. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's stepfather For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_4. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's stepmother For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_5. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's siblings For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_6. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's maternal grandmother For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_7. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's paternal grandmother For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_8. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's maternal grandfather For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_9. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's paternal grandfather For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_10. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R lived alone For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_11. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: R's spouse and children For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_12. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_13. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q90_1 Q90_14. Composition of R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school: Other household members For codes, see Q90_1 Q91. Total number of R's household members when he/she graduated from secondary school Q92. R's type of dwelling when R graduated from secondary school 1 Dormitory 2 Rented from a private person 3 Apartment with a shared kitchen 4 Separate apartment rented from state, enterprise etc. 5 Cooperative apartment 6 Private house owned by relatives 7 Private house owned by respondent 8 House belonging to kolkhoz 9 Other Q93. Number of rooms in R's household when he/she graduated from secondary school CHECK9. Did R have a stepmother when R graduated from secondary school? 1 Yes 2 No Q94. R's mother's or stepmother's occupation when R graduated from secondary school Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 None of these Q95. R's mother's or stepmother's sector of economy when R graduated from secondary school 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties CHECK10. Did R have a stepfather when R graduated from secondary school? 1 Yes 2 No Q96. R's father's or stepfather's occupation when R graduated from secondary school Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 None of these Q97. R's father's or stepfather's sector of economy when R graduated from secondary school For codes, see Q95 CHECK11. Does R know his/her mother? 1 Yes 2 No 3 R's mother is dead Q98. R's mother's occupation at the time of the interview Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 None of these Q99. R's mother's sector of economy at the time of the interview For codes, see Q95 -3 R's mother does not work -4 R's mother is dead Q100. Has R's mother ever held a decision-making position in a public institution? 1 No, never 2 Yes, earlier but not now 3 Yes, currently Q101. R's mother's level of education 1 Elementary education (4 years or less) 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education CHECK12. Has R ever had a stepmother? 1 Yes 2 No Q102. Birth year of R's stepmother Q103_1. Stepmother's birth country Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q103_2. Stepmother's birth oblast Not used in Estonia Q103_3. Stepmother's birth district (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q103_4. Stepmother's birth settlement (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q104. Type of stepmother's birth settlement 1 Capital 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village CHECK13. Was R's stepmother born in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q105. Year stepmother moved to the region where the survey was conducted -3 R's stepmother never had a permanent residence in the region where the survey was conducted Q106. Stepmother's nationality 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijani 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other Q107. Is R's stepmother alive? 1 Yes 2 No Q108. Stepmother's year of death Q109. Stepmother's occupation at the time of the interview -3 Does not work Q110. Stepmother's sector of economy at the time of the interview 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties -3 R's mother does not work -4 R's mother is dead Q111. Has R's stepmother held a decision-making position in a public institution? 1 No, never 2 Yes, earlier but not now 3 Yes, currently Q112. Stepmother's level of education 1 Elementary education (4 years or less) 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education CHECK14. Has R had more than one stepmother? 1 Yes 2 No Q113. Which stepmother is referred to in Q102 to Q112? 1 R's first stepmother 2 R's second stepmother 3 R's third stepmother CHECK15. Does R know his/her father? 1 Yes 2 No 3 R's father is dead Q114. R's father's occupation at the time of the interview Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 Does not work -4 R's father is dead Q115. R's father's sector of economy at the time of the interview 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q116. Has R's father ever held a decision-making position in a public institution? 1 No, never 2 Yes, earlier but not now 3 Yes, currently Q117. R's father's level of education 1 Elementary education (4 years or less) 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education CHECK16. Does R have a stepfather? 1 Yes 2 No Q118. Stepfather's birth year Q119_1. Stepfather's birth country Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q119_2. Stepfather's birth oblast Not used in Estonia Q119_3. Stepfather's birth district (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q119_4. Stepfather's birth settlement (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q120. Type of stepfather's birth settlement 1 Capital 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village CHECK17. Was R's stepfather born in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q121. Year R's stepfather moved to the region where the survey was conducted -3 R's stepfather never had a permanent residence in the region where the survey was conducted Q122. Stepfather's nationality 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijani 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other Q123. Is R's stepfather alive? 1 Yes 2 No Q124. R's stepfather's year of death Q125. R's stepfather's occupation at the time of the interview Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 Does not work Q126. R's stepfather's sector of economy at the time of the interview 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q127. Has R's stepfather ever held a decision-making position in a public institution? 1 No, never 2 Yes, earlier but not now 3 Yes, currently Q128. R's stepfather's level of education 1 Elementary education 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education CHECK18. Has R had more than one stepfather? 1 Yes 2 No Q129. Which stepfather is referred to in Q118 to Q128? 1 R's first stepfather 2 R's second stepfather 3 R's third stepfather Q130. Does R have any sisters or brothers? 0 No 1 Yes *** Table "Siblings" First sibling Q131_1. Sex of R's sibling 1 Male 2 Female Q132_1. Relation of the sibling to R 1 Sister or brother 2 Stepsister or stepbrother 3 Other Q133_1. Birth year of R's sibling Q134_1. Is R's sibling alive? 1 Yes 2 No Q135_1. Year of death of R's sibling Q136_1. Main activity of R's sibling 1 Preschool child 2 Student 3 Working 4 Other 5 Military service Q137_1. Occupation of R's sibling Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. Q138_1. Sector of economy of R's sibling 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other types of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q139_1. Does R's sibling study in an evening or correspondence school? 1 Yes 2 No Q140_1. Type of educational institution of R's sibling 1 General secondary school 2 Vocational school 3 Specialized secondary school 4 Higher educational institution 5 Other Q141_1. Educational level of R's sibling 1 Elementary education 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education Q142_1. Marital status of R's sibling 1 Single 2 Registered or unregistered marriage 3 Divorced 4 Widow(er) Second sibling Q131_2 to Q142_2 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Third sibling Q131_3 to Q142_3 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Fourth sibling Q131_4 to Q142_4 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Fifth sibling Q131_5 to Q142_5 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Sixth sibling Q131_6 to Q142_6 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Seventh sibling Q131_7 to Q142_7 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Eighth sibling Q131_8 to Q142_8 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Ninth sibling Q131_9 to Q142_9 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 Tenth sibling Q131_10 to Q142_10 are analogous to Q131_1 to Q142_1 *** End of the table CHECK19. Has R completed a secondary education? 1 Yes 2 No Q143. Has R changed place of residence after completing secondary school? 1 Yes 2 No Q144_1. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's father or stepfather 1 Belong(s) to the household 2 Do(es) not belong to the household Q144_2. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's mother or stepmother For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_3. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's sister(s) and/or brother(s) For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_4. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's maternal and/or paternal grandmother(s) For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_5. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's paternal and/or maternal grandfather(s) For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_6. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's spouse For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_7. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's child(ren) For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_8. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's mother-in-law For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_9. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R's father-in-law For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_10. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: R him/herself ALONE?? For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_11. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_12. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q144_1 Q144_13. Composition of R's household at the time of the interview: other household member(s) For codes, see Q144_1 Q145. Number of persons in R's household at the time of the interview Q146. R's type of dwelling at the time of the interview 1 Dormitory space 2 Space rented from a private person 3 Apartment with a shared kitchen 4 Separate apartment rented from state, enterprise, etc. 5 Cooperative apartment 6 Private house owned by relatives 7 Private house owned by respondent 8 House belonging to kolkhoz 9 Other Q147. Reason R's moved from the place of residence where he/she lived when graduating from secondary school 1 To begin work/career 2 To continue his/her studies 3 Family or personal reasons 4 Military service 5 Other reasons *** Table "Places of Residence" First place of residence Q148YR1. Year R moved to his/her place of residence Q148MN1. Month R moved to his/her place of residence 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q149_11. Country of R's place of residence Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q149_21. Oblast of R's place of residence Not used in Estonia Q149_31. District of R's place of residence (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q149_41. Settlement of R's place of residence (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q149_51. Type of settlement of R's place of residence 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village Q150_11. Household members at R's place of residence: R's father or stepfather 1 Belong(s) to the hosehold 2 Do(es) not belong to the household Q150_21. Household members at R's place of residence: R's mother or stepmother For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_31. Household members at R's place of residence: R's sister(s) and/or brother(s) For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_41. Household members at R's place of residence: R's maternal and/or paternal grandmother(s) For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_51. Household members at R's place of residence: R's paternal and/or maternal grandfather(s) For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_61. Household members at R's place of residence: R's spouse For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_71. Household members at R's place of residence: R's child(ren) For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_81. Household members at R's place of residence: R's mother-in-law For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_91. Household members at R's place of residence: R's father-in-law For codes, see Q150_11 Q150_101. Household members at R's place of residence: R him/herself 1 Yes 2 No Q150_111. Household members at R's place of residence: (first specific variable for Estonia) 1 Belong(s) to the household 2 Do(es) not belong to the household Q150_121. Household members at R's place of residence: (second specific variable for Estonia) For codes, see Q150_111 Q150_131. Household members at R's place of residence: other household member(s) For codes, see Q150_111 Q151_1. Number of household members at R's place of residence Q152_1. R's type of dwelling at the place of residence 1 Dormitory 2 Space rented from a private person 3 Apartment with a shared kitchen 4 Separate apartment rented from state, enterprise, etc. 5 Cooperative apartment 6 Private house owned by relatives 7 Private house owned by respondent 8 House belonging to kolkhoz 9 Other Q154_1. Reason R moved from the place of residence 1 To begin work/career 2 To continue his/her studies 3 Family or personal reasons 4 Military service 5 Other -3 None of these Second place of residence Q148YR2 to Q154_2 are analogous to Q148YR1 to Q154_1 Third place of residence Q148YR3 to Q154_3 are analogous to Q148YR1 to Q154_1 Fourth place of residence Q148YR4 to Q154_4 are analogous to Q148YR1 to Q154_1 Fifth place of residence Q148YR5 to Q154_5 are analogous to Q148YR1 to Q154_1 Sixth place of residence Q148YR6 to Q154_6 are analogous to Q148YR1 to Q154_1 Seventh place of residence Q148YR7 to Q154_7 are analogous to Q148YR1 to Q154_1 *** End of the table Q155. Language of R's neighbors at the time of the interview 1 R's native language only 2 Most speak R's native language 3 About half speak R's native language 4 Most speak some other language 5 Some other language only Q156. Language R's neighbors spoke to R at the time of the interview For codes, see Q155 CHECK20. Was R born in the region where he/she lived at the time of the interview? 1 Yes 2 No Q157. Is R native to the region where he/she lived at the time of the interview? 1 Yes 2 No Q158. Year R moved to the region where he/she lived at the time of the interview Q159. Area of R's living space at the time of the interview (in m2) Q160. Number of rooms in R's living space at the time of the interview Q161. Is central heating in R's home? 1 Yes 2 No Q162. Is running cold water in R's home? For codes, see Q161 Q163. Is running hot water in R's home? For codes, see Q161 Q164. Is a telephone in R's home? For codes, see Q161 Q165. Is cable or satellite TV in R's home? For codes, see Q161 CHECK21. Did R complete a secondary education? 1 Yes 2 No Q167. Did R continue his/her education after secondary school? 1 Yes 2 No Q168. Year of R's first attempt to continue education after secondary school Q169. Did R make more than one attempt to continue education after secondary school? 1 Yes 2 No Q170. Year of R's second attempt to continue education after secondary school Q171. Total number of R's attempts to continue education after secondary school Q172. Did R continue his/her studies after secondary school? 1 Yes 2 No *** Table "Education" First educational institution Q173_1. Type of R's educational institution after secondary school 0 Courses (more than six months) 1 Secondary school 2 Rural vocational school 3 Urban vocational school 4 Specialized secondary school in agriculture 5 Specialized secondary school in industry 6 Specialized secondary school in humanities (pedagogy, medicine, art, music) 7 University 8 Polytechnical institute 9 Teachers college 10 Higher educational institute (art, music, and other creative fields) 11 Agricultural institutions of higher education 12 Military school 13 Other institutions of higher education 14 Evening and correspondence school 15 Other school -3 R did not enter an educational institution after secondary school Q174MN1. Month R began studying in the educational institution after secondary school 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q174YR1. Year R began studying in the educational institution after secondary school Q175_1. Type of R's studies in the educational institution 1 Fulltime studies 2 Other Q176_1. Field of R's studies in the educational institution 0 None 1 Agriculture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Production of minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Light industry 6 Construction 7 Electronics, information 8 Service industries, commerce 9 Transportation, communications 10 Banking and finances 11 Business management 12 Defense of public order, state security, rescue services 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Humanities 16 Science (mathematics, physics, etc.) 17 Natural sciences (biology, geography, chemistry) 18 Law 19 Music, art 20 Other Q177MN1. Month R's studies in the educational institution ended 0 The given studies still in progress 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q177YR1. Year R's studies in the educational institution ended Q178_1. Result of R's studies in the educational institution 1 Degree diploma 2 Studies interrupted 3 Studies still in progress Second educational institution Q173_2 to Q178_2 are analogous to Q173_1 to Q178_1 Third educational institution Q173_3 to Q178_3 are analogous to Q173_1 to Q178_1 Fourth educational institution Q173_4 to Q178_4 are analogous to Q173_1 to Q178_1 Fifth educational institution Q173_5 to Q178_5 are analogous to Q173_1 to Q178_1 *** End of the table Q180. R's current level of education 1 Vocational education after completing 8-year school 2 Vocational education after completing secondary school 3 General secondary education 4 Secondary specialized education after completing 8-year school 5 Secondary specialized education after completing secondary school 6 Incomplete higher education 7 Higher education Q183BEGM. Month R's first salaried work began 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q183BEGY. Year R's first salaried work began Q183ENDM. Month R's first salaried work ended 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December -3 R is still working at his/her first job Q183ENDY. Year R's first salaried work ended Q184. Has R ever had a fulltime job? 1 Yes 2 No *** Table "Work Career" R's first job Q185_1. Sector of economy of R's job 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite (labor) negotiation 20 Other kinds of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q186MN1. Month R's job began 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q186YR1. Year R's job began Q188_1. Type of enterprise R where worked 1 State-financed enterprise 2 Self-supporting state enterprise without foreign investments 3 Self-supporting state enterprise with foreign investments 4 Private enterprise without foreign investments 5 Private enterprise with foreign investments 6 Kolkhoz 7 Self-employed, farmer 8 Other Q189_1. R's occupation Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. Q190MN1. Month R's job ended 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December -3 R still works at his/her first job Q190YR1. Year R's job ended Q191#11. R's last monthly salary in the enterprise of employment in the first currency Q191_11. Currency of Q191#11 RUB Soviet Russian rouble USD US dollar FIM Finnish mark GBP British pound sterling DEM German mark FRF French franc CHF Swiss franc SEK Swedish crown DKK Danish crown JPY Japanese yen ATC Austrian schillings CAD Canadian dollars EEK Estonian kroon LAT Latvian rublis LIT Lithuanian talonas UKR Ukrainian kupong BEL Belorus rouble Q191#21. R's last monthly salary in the enterprise of employment in the second currency Q191_21. Currency of Q191#21 For codes, see Q191_11 Q191#31. R's last monthly salary in the enterprise of employment in the third currency Q191_31. Currency of Q191#31 For codes, see Q191_11 Q192_1. Was R's first job his/her main job? 1 Yes 2 No R's second job Q185_2 to Q192_2 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's third job Q185_3 to Q192_3 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's fourth job Q185_4 to Q192_4 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's fifth job Q185_5 to Q192_5 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's sixth job Q185_6 to Q192_6 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's seventh job Q185_7 to Q192_7 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's eight job Q185_8 to Q192_8 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's ninth job Q185_9 to Q192_9 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 R's tenth job Q185_10 to Q192_10 are analogous to Q185_1 to Q192_1 *** End of the table Q193. Total number of main jobs held by R Q194. What is R's current main activity? 1 Fulltime job 2 Temporary job, contracting job 3 Parttime job 4 Self-employment 5 Maternity leave 6 Does not work for health reasons 7 Studies 8 Job retraining program 9 Unemployed and?? looking for a job 10 Housewife 11 Other Q195. Is R receiving unemployment benefits? 1 Yes 2 No Q196. Has R made any efforts to find a job? 1 Yes 2 No Q197A. Is R satisfied with his/her job's pay and employer- provided material benefits? 1 Yes 2 No -3 R does not work Q197B. Does R find his/her job important and challenging? For codes, see Q197A Q197C. Is R satisfied with his/her working conditions? For codes, see Q197A Q197D. Is R satisfied with his/her opportunities for job promotion and advancement? For codes, see Q197A Q197E. Is R satisfied with his/her job's security and permanence? For codes, see Q197A Q197F. Is R satisfied with his/her job supervisor(s)? For codes, see Q197A Q197G. Is R satisfied with his/her co-worker relations? For codes, see Q197A Q197H. Is R satisfied with his/her opportunities for further occupational training? For codes, see Q197A Q198. What is the language spoken at R's work place? 1 R's native language only 2 Mostly R's native language 3 About half speak R's native language 4 Mostly speak another language 5 Another language Q199. What language does R's immediate work group use when talking to R? For codes, see Q198 Q200_1. Has R received employer-provided training during work hours on the employer premises? 1 Yes 2 No -3 R has not received any training Q200_2. Has R received informal on-the-job training? For codes, see Q200_1 Q200_3. Has R received employer-provided training during work hours away from the employer premises? For codes, see Q200_1 Q200_4. Has R received aid and/or financial assistance for attending educational institutions after working hours? 1 Yes 2 No -3 R has not received any education Q200_5. Has R received any other employer-provided education? For codes, see Q200_4 Q201. Are R's occupational training and job connected? 1 R's job is in accordance with his/her occupational training 2 R's job does not require any special training 3 R's job is not in accordance with his/her occupational training Q202. How many hours a day does R work? Q203A. How likely is it that R will lose his/her current job? 1 Very likely 2 Fairly likely 3 Not very likely 4 Not likely at all -3 Not applicable Q203B. How likely is that R will get a promotion? For codes, see Q203A Q203C. How likely is it that R will get a new job? For codes, see Q203A Q203D. How likely is it that R will change his/her current occupation? For codes, see Q203A Q203E. How likely is it that R will become self-employed? For codes, see Q203A Q203F. How likely is it that R will start working parttime? For codes, see Q203A Q203G. How likely is it that R will quit fulltime work? For codes, see Q203A Q204. Has R ever been married? 1 Yes 2 No *** Table "Marriages" First marriage Q206YR1. Year R's marriage began Q206MN1. Month R's marriage began 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December -3 R has never been married Q207_1. R's marriage was 1 Registered 2 Unregistered Q209_1. How did R's marriage end? 1 Divorce/separation 2 Death of spouse -3 None of these Q210YR1. Year R's marriage ended Q210MN1. Month R's marriage ended 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Second marriage Q206YR2 to Q210MN2 are analogous to Q206YR1 to Q210MN1 For variable Q206MN2 -3 R has not been married twice Third marriage Q206YR3 to Q210MN3 are analogous to Q206YR1 to Q210MN1 For variable Q206MN3 -3 R has not been married three times Fourth marriage Q206YR4 to Q210MN4 are analogous to Q206YR1 to Q210MN1 For variable Q206MN4 -3 R has not been married four times *** End of the table Q213. Birth year of R's last or current spouse Q214. Nationality of R's last or current spouse 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Jewish 11 Tatar 12 Baskhir 13 Azerbaijan 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagausian 19 Tadjik 20 Turkoman 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adhygeman 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other Q215. Language R and his/her last or current spouse spoke with one another 1 Russian 2 Ukrainian 3 Belorussian 4 Kazakh 5 Latvian 6 Lithuanian 7 Estonian 8 Uzbek 9 Polish 10 Hebrew 11 Tatar 12 Bashkir 13 Azerbaijani 14 Armenian 15 Georgian 16 Moldavian 17 Rumanian 18 Gagauz 19 Tajik 20 Turkmenian 21 German 22 Kirghiz 23 Adygee 24 Finnish 25 Swedish 26 Other 27 Russian + other 28 Other combinations CHECK22. Is R currently married? 1 Yes 2 No Q216. R's last or current spouse's level of education at the time of the interview or when the marriage ended 1 Less than 8 years 2 8-year fundamental school 3 Incomplete secondary education 4 Vocational education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Incomplete higher education 8 Higher education Q217. R's last or current spouse's main activity at the time of the interview or when the marriage ended 1 Working 2 Studying 3 Neither working nor studying 4 In the military Q218. R's last or current spouse's occupation at the time of the interview or when the marriage ended Q219. Sector of economy of R's last or current spouse at the time of the interview or when the marriage ended 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite(labor) negotiation 20 Other kind of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q220_1. Birth country of R's last or current spouse Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. Q220_2. Birth oblast of R's last or current spouse Not used in Estonia Q220_3. Birth district of R's last or current spouse (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia Q220_4. Birth settlement of R's last or current spouse (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. Q221. Type of birth settlement of R's last or current spouse 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village CHECK23. Was R's spouse born in the region where the survey was conducted? 1 Yes 2 No Q222. Year when R's spouse started to live in the region in which the survey was conducted Q223. R's spouse's level of education before marrying R 1 Less than 8 years 2 8-year fundamental school 3 Incomplete secondary education 4 Vocational education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Incomplete higher education 8 Higher education Q224. R's spouse's main activity before marrying R 1 Working 2 Studying 3 Neither working nor studying 4 In the military Q225. R's spouse's occupation before marrying R Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. Q226. Sector of economy of R's spouse before marrying R 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite(labor) negotiation 20 Other kind of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q227. Has R's spouse studied at any educational institution during the marriage to R? 1 Yes 2 No *** Table "Spouse's Education" First educational institution Q228_1. Type of R's spouse's educational institution 0 Courses (more than six months) 1 Secondary school 2 Rural vocational school 3 Urban vocational school 4 Specialized secondary school in agriculture 5 Specialized secondary school in industry 6 Specialized secondary school in humanities (pedagogy, medicine, art, music) 7 University 8 Polytechnical institute 9 Teachers college 10 Higher educational institute (art, music, and other creative fields) 11 Agricultural institutions of higher education 12 Military school 13 Other institutions of higher education 14 Evening and correspondence school 15 Other school -3 None of these Q229_1. Year R's spouse began his/her studies in the educational institution Q230_1. Type of studies attended by R's spouse in the educational institution 1 Daytime 2 Other Q231_1. R's spouse's field of studies in the educational institution 0 None of the following 1 Agriculture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Production of minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Light industry 6 Construction 7 Electronics, information 8 Service industries, commerce 9 Transportation, communications 10 Banking and finances 11 Business management 12 Defense of public order, state security, rescue services 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Humanities 16 Science (mathematics, physics, etc.) 17 Natural sciences (biology, geography, chemistry) 18 Law 19 Music, art 20 Other Q232_1. Year R's spouse's studies in the educational institution ended 0 Studies still in progress Q233_1. Result of R's spouse's studies in the educational institution 1 Degree diploma 2 Studies interrupted 3 Studies still in progress Second educational institution Q228_2 to Q233_2 are analogous to Q228_1 to Q233_1 Third educational institution Q228_3 to Q233_3 are analogous to Q228_1 to Q233_1 *** End of the table Q235. Current level of education of R's spouse 1 Less than 8 years 2 8-year fundamental school 3 Incomplete secondary education 4 Vocational education 5 General secondary education 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Incomplete higher education 8 Higher education *** Table "Spouse's Work Career" Spouse's first job Q236_1. Sector of economy of R's spouse's job 1 Agriculture, horticulture, forestry, fishing 2 Power engineering, water supply 3 Mining and processing of oil shale and minerals 4 Machine-building 5 Production of building materials, wood processing 6 Light and food industry 7 Construction 8 Service industry, commerce, catering 9 Transportation, communications 10 Information, statistics 11 Banking, finances, insurance 12 Defense of public order and state security 13 Education, cultural affairs 14 Medicine 15 Science 16 Art 17 State institutions 18 Physical education, athletics 19 Tripartite(labor) negotiation 20 Other kind of negotiation 21 Social organizations, political parties Q237_1. Type of enterprise where R's spouse worked 1 State financed enterprise 2 Self-supporting state enterprise without foreign investments 3 Self-supporting state enterprise with foreign investments 4 Private enterprise without foreign investments 5 Private enterprise with foreign investments 6 Kolkhoz 7 Self-employed, farmer 8 Other Q238_1. Year R's spouse's job began Q239_1. R's spouse's first occupation Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. Q240_1. Year R's spouse's job ended -3 This is R's spouse's current job Q241#11. R's spouse's last monthly salary in the enterprise in the first currency Q241_11. Currency of Q241#11 RUB Soviet Russian rouble USD US dollar FIM Finnish mark GBP British pound sterling DEM German mark FRF French franc CHF Swiss franc SEK Swedish crown DKK Danish crown JPY Japanese yen ATC Austrian schillings CAD Canadian dollars EEK Estonian Kroon LAT Latvian rublis LIT Lithuanian talonas UKR Ukrainian kupong BEL Belorus rouble Q241#21. R's spouse's last monthly salary in the enterprise in the second currency Q241_21. Currency of Q241#21 For codes, see Q241_11 Q241#31. R's spouse's last monthly salary in the enterprise in the third currency Q241_31. Currency of Q241#31 For codes, see Q241_11 Spouse's second job Q236_2 to Q241_32 are analogous to Q236_1 to Q241_31 Spouse's third job Q236_3 to Q241_33 are analogous to Q236_1 to Q241_31 Spouse's fourth job Q236_4 to Q241_34 are analogous to Q236_1 to Q241_31 Spouse's fifth job Q236_5 to Q241_35 are analogous to Q236_1 to Q241_31 Spouses's sixth job Q236_6 to Q241_36 are analogous to Q236_1 to Q241_31 Spouse's seventh job Q236_7 to Q241_37 are analogous to Q236_1 to Q241_31 Spouse's eighth job Q236_8 to Q241_38 are analogous to Q236_1 to Q241_31 *** End of the table Q242. Total number of jobs held by R's spouse Q243. Occupation of R's spouse's mother Codes 011 to 933 are defined in Appendix 4. -3 Spouse's mother never worked for pay -4 R knows nothing about his/her spouse's mother Q244. Level of education of R's spouse's mother 1 Elementary education (4 years or less) 2 5 or 6 years 3 7 or 8 years 4 Vocational or technical secondary education 5 General secondary education (gymnasium) 6 Specialized secondary education 7 Higher education Q245. Occupation of R's spouse's father For codes, see Q243 Q246. Level of education of father of R's spouse. For codes, see Q244 Q247. Head of R's family 1 Respondent 2 Respondent's spouse 3 Both R and his/her spouse equally Q248. Hours per week R spends on housework Q249. Hours per week R's spouse spends on housework For codes, see Q248 Q250. Number of times per week R's family has meals together For codes, see Q248 Q251. Does R have children? Has R ever had any children? 1 Yes 0 No *** Table "Children" First child Q252_1. Sex of R's child 1 Male 2 Female -3 R does not have any children Q253_1. R's relation to the child 1 Child of R 2 Child of R's spouse 3 Other Q254_1. Does the child live with R? 1 Yes 2 No Q255MN1. Birth month of R's child 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q255YR1. Birth year of R's child Q256_1. Is R's child alive? 1 Yes 2 No Q257MN1. Month of death of R's child 1 January 2 February 3 March 4 April 5 May 6 June 7 July 8 August 9 September 10 October 11 November 12 December Q257YR1. Year of death of R's child Second child Q252_2 to Q257YR2 are analogous to Q252_1 to Q257YR1 Third child Q252_3 to Q257YR3 are analogous to Q252_1 to Q257YR1 Fourth child Q252_4 to Q257YR4 are analogous to Q252_1 to Q257YR1 Fifth child Q252_5 to Q257YR5 are analogous to Q252_1 to Q257YR1 Sixth child Q252_6 to Q257YR6 are analogous to Q252_1 to Q257YR1 Seventh child Q252_7 to Q257YR7 are analogous to Q252_1 to Q257YR1 *** End of the table Q259. Is R physically active? Does R engage in physical exercise? 1 Practically never exercises 2 Exercises from time to time 3 Exercises fairly regularly 4 Exercises regularly Q260. Number of years R has exercised regularly Q261. How many years has R been engaged in amateur art activities? Q262. Has R ever had other hobbies? 1 Yes 2 No Q263_1. Name of R's main hobby 1 Handicraft 2 Fishing, hunting 3 Technical hobbies 4 Collecting 5 Photography 6 Reading, studying 7 Sports 8 Music 9 Art 10 Other Q263_1YR. Duration of R's main hobby (in years) Q263_2. Name of R's second hobby For codes, see Q263_1 Q263_2YR. Duration of R's second hobby (in years) Q265_1#. R's total income in Sept. 1992, in the first currency Q265_1. Name of currency of 265_1# RUB Soviet Russian rouble USD US dollar FIM Finnish mark GBP British pound sterling DEM German mark FRF French franc CHF Swiss franc SEK Swedish crown DKK Danish crown JPY Japanese yen ATC Austrian schillings CAD Canadian dollars EEK Estonian kroon LAT Latvian rublis LIT Lithuanian talonas UKR Ukrainian kupong BEL Belorus rouble Q265_2#. R's total income in Sept. 1992, in the second currency Q265_2. Name of the currency of 265_2# For codes, see Q265_1 Q265_3#. R's total income in Sept. 1992, in the third currency Q265_3. Name or the currency of 265_3# For codes, see Q265_1 CHECK24. Is R currently married? 1 Yes 2 No Q266_1#. Total income of R's spouse in Sept. 1992, in the first currency Q266_1. Name of the currency of 266_1# RUB Soviet Russian rouble USD US dollar FIM Finnish mark GBP British pound sterling DEM German mark FRF French franc CHF Swiss franc SEK Swedish crown DKK Danish crown JPY Japanese yen ATC Austrian schillings CAD Canadian dollars EEK Estonian kroon LAT Latvian rublis LIT Lithuanian talonas UKR Ukrainian kupong BEL Belorus rouble Q266_2#. Total income of R's spouse in Sept. 1992, in the second currency Q266_2. Name of the currency of 266_2# For codes, see Q266_1 Q266_3#. Total income of R's spouse in Sep. 1992, in the third currency Q266_3. Name of the currency of 266_3# For codes, see Q266_1 Q267_1#. R's total household income in Sep. 1992, in the first currency Q267_1. Name of the currency of Q267_1# RUB Soviet Russian rouble USD US dollar FIM Finnish mark GBP British pound sterling DEM German mark FRF French franc CHF Swiss franc SEK Swedish crown DKK Danish crown JPY Japanese yen ATC Austrian schillings CAD Canadian dollars EEK Estonian kroon LAT Latvian rublis LIT Lithuanian talonas UKR Ukrainian kupong BEL Belorus rouble Q267_2#. R's total household income in Sep. 1992, in the second currency Q267_2. Name of the currency of 267_2# For codes, see Q267_1 Q267_3#. R's total household income in Sep. 1992, in the third currency Q267_3. Name of the currency of 267_3# For codes, see Q267_1 CHECK25. Is R currently married? 1 Yes 2 No *** Table "Income Sources between Jan. and Sept. 1992" First source: odd jobs for private persons Q268_11#. R's income in the first currency Q268_11. Name of the currency of Q268_11# RUB Soviet Russian rouble USD US dollar FIM Finnish mark GBP British pound sterling DEM German mark FRF French franc CHF Swiss franc SEK Swedish crown DKK Danish crown JPY Japanese yen ATC Austrian schillings CAD Canadian dollars EEK Estonian kroon LAT Latvian rublis LIT Lithuanian talonas UKR Ukrainian kupong BEL Belorus rouble Q268_21#. R's income in the second currency Q268_21. Name of the currency of Q268_21# For codes, see Q268_11 Q268_31#. R's income in the third currency Q268_31. Name of the currency of 268_31# For codes, see Q268_11 Q269_1. Did R's spouse have any income from that source between Jan. and Sept. 1992? 1 Yes 2 No Second source: income from agricultural products Q268_12# to Q269_2 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Third source: income from patent work Q268_13# to Q269_3 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Fourth source: income from selling homemade things Q268_14# to Q269_4 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Fifth source: income from investments in enterprises where he/she works Q268_15# to Q269_5 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Sixth source: income from investments in enterprises where he/she does not work Q268_16# to Q269_6 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Seventh source: income from a private business Q268_17# to Q269_7 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Eighth source: money given by parents/relatives Q268_18# to Q269_8 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Ninth source: income from state or social grants Q268_19# to Q269_9 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Tenth source: income from irregular contract work in enterprises Q268_110# to Q269_10 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 Eleventh source: income from other sources Q268_111# to Q269_11 are analogous to Q268_11# to Q269_1 *** End of the table *** Table "Income Sources between 1989 and 1992" First source: main job Q270_1. Has R received a salary from that source between 1989 and 1992? 1 Yes 2 No Q1992_1. R's salary from that source: rank in 1992 0 R has no income from this source 1 R's most important source of income 2 R's second most important source of income 3 R's third most important source of income 4 R's fourth most important source of income 5 R's fifth most important source of income 6 R's sixth most important source of income 7 R's seventh most important source of income 8 R's eighth most important source of income 9 R's ninth most important source of income 10 R's tenth most important source of income 11 R's eleventh most important source of income 12 R's twelfth most important source of income 13 R's thirteenth most important source of income 14 R's fourteenth most important source of income Q1991_1. R's salary from that source: rank in 1991 For codes, see Q1992_1 Q1990_1. R's salary from that source: rank in 1990 For codes, see Q1992_1 Q1989_1. R's salary from that source: rank in 1989 For codes, see Q1992_1 Second source: additional job Q270_2 to Q1989_2 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Third source: odd jobs Q270_3 to Q1989_3 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Fourth source: selling agricultural products Q270_4 to Q1989_4 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Fifth source: patent work Q270_5 to Q1989_5 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Sixth source: selling homemade things Q270_6 to Q1989_6 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Seventh source: investments in enterprises where he/she works Q270_7 to Q1989_7 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Eighth source: investments in enterprises where he/she does not work Q270_8 to Q1989_8 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Ninth source: private business Q270_9 to Q1989_9 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Tenth source: money from parents or relatives Q270_10 to Q1989_10 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Eleventh source: alimony Q270_11 to Q1989_11 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Twelfth source: state or social grants Q270_12 to Q1989_12 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Thirteenth source: irregular contract work in enterprises Q270_13 to Q1989_13 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 Fourteenth source: other income Q270_14 to Q1989_14 are analogous to Q270_1 to Q1989_1 *** End of the table Q272_1. Do R's parents own a farm? 1 Yes 2 No -3 None of these Q272_2. Do R's parents own a private house? For codes, see Q272_1 Q272_3. Do R's parents own a summer cottage (dacha)? For codes, see Q272_1 Q272_4. Do R's parents own any land, excluding farm land? For codes, see Q272_1 Q272_5. Do R's parents own a private apartment? For codes, see Q272_1 Q272_6. Do R's parents own a car? For codes, see Q272_1 Q272_7. Do R's parents own a workbench, machinery, or power tools? For codes, see Q272_1 Q272_8. Do R's parents own any other property? For codes, see Q272_1 CHECK26. Is R currently married? 1 Yes 2 No Q273_1. Do R's spouse's parents own a farm? 1 Yes 2 No -3 None of these Q273_2. Do R's spouse's parents own a private house? For codes, see Q273_1 Q273_3. Do R's spouse's parents own a summer cottage (dacha)? For codes, see Q273_1 Q273_4. Do R's spouse's parents own any land, excluding farm land? For codes, see Q273_1 Q273_5. Do R's spouse's parents own a private apartment? For codes, see Q273_1 Q273_6. Do R's spouse's parents own a car? For codes, see Q273_1 Q273_7. Do R's spouse's parents own a workbench, machinery, or power tools? For codes, see Q273_1 Q273_8. Do R's spouse's parents own any other property? For codes, see Q273_1 Q274_1. Do R or R's spouse own a farm? 1 Yes 2 No -3 None of these Q274_2. Do R or R's spouse own a private house? For codes, see Q274_1 Q274_3. Do R or R's spouse own a summer cottage (dacha)? For codes, see Q274_1 Q274_4. Do R or R's spouse own any land, excluding farm land? For codes, see Q274_1 Q274_5. Do R or R's spouse own a private apartment? For codes, see Q274_1 Q274_6. Do R or R's spouse own a car? For codes, see Q274_1 Q274_7. Do R or R's spouse own a workbench, machinery, or power tools? For codes, see Q274_1 Q274_8. Do R or R's spouse own any other property? For codes, see Q274_1 CHECK27. Do R or R's spouse own a car? 1 Yes 2 No Q275. Do R and R's spouse have only one car? For codes, see CHECK27 Q276_A. Percentage of R's total income spent on everyday expenses (food, clothing, rent, etc.) between Jan. and Sept. 1992 Q276_B. Percentage of R's total income spent on durable goods between Jan. and Sept. 1992 Q276_C. Percentage of R's total income spent on private home or rented living space between Jan. and Sept. 1992 Q276_D. Percentage of R's total income spent on acquiring means of production or a business between Jan. and Sept. 1992 Q276_E. Percentage of R's total income spent on other expenses between Jan. and Sept. 1992 Q277. Does R own stock or securities? 1 Yes 2 No Q278_1. Can R's and/or R's spouse's parents apply for a farm? 1 Yes 2 No -3 None of these Q278_2. Can R's and/or R's spouse's parents apply for other land, excluding farm land? For codes, see Q278_1 Q278_3. Can R's and/or R's spouse's parents apply for a house? For codes, see Q278_1 Q278_4. Can R's and/or R's spouse's parents apply for a shop or store for sales? For codes, see Q278_1 Q278_5. Can R's and/or R's spouse's parents apply for a workshop or factory? For codes, see Q278_1 Q278_6. Can R's and/or R's spouse's parents apply for other property that they can rent out? For codes, see Q278_1 Q278_7. Can R's and/or R's spouse's parents apply for any other property? For codes, see Q278_1 Q279_1. Will R's and/or R's spouse's parents actually apply for a farm? 1 Yes 2 No -3 None of these Q279_2. Will R's and/or R's spouse's parents actually apply for other land, excluding farm land? For codes, see Q279_1 Q279_3. Will R's and/or R's spouse's parents actually apply for a house? For codes, see Q279_1 Q279_4. Will R's and/or R's spouse's parents actually apply for a shop or store for sales? For codes, see Q279_1 Q279_5. Will R's and/or R's spouse's parents actually apply for a workshop or factory? For codes, see Q279_1 Q279_6. Will R's and/or R's spouse's parents actually apply for any other property that they can rent out? For codes, see Q279_1 Q279_7. Will R's and/or R's spouse's parents actually apply for any other property? For codes, see Q279_1 Q280. Does R produce any food for him/herself? 1 No, never did 2 Did earlier, but not this year 3 Yes, currently Q281. Does R have any arable land at his/her disposal? 1 Yes 2 No Q282. Total area of land at R's disposal (in hectares) Q283. Do R's parents help R with food? 1 No, do not help at all 2 Yes, to some extent 3 Yes, to a significant extent -3 Does not have parents Q284. How is R's apartment furnished? 1 Very poorly, does not even have everything necessary 2 Modestly, yet has everything necessary 3 Fairly well 4 Very well, with modern furniture Q285. How does R's family dress? 1 Very poorly, does not even have everything necessary 2 Modestly, yet has everything necessary 3 Fairly well 4 Very well, in modern clothes Q287. Is R interested in politics? 1 Very interested 2 Somewhat interested 3 Slightly interested 4 Not at all interested Q288_1. Has R participated in signing appeals, petitions, and/or protest letters? 1 No, have not and will not participate 2 Not yet, but plan to participate 3 Yes, participated a few times 4 Yes, participated several times Q288_2. Has R participated in strikes? For codes, see Q288_1 Q288_3. Has R participated in boycotts or seizures of public buildings? For codes, see Q288_1 Q288_4. Has R participated in resistance to state security forces? For codes, see Q288_1 Q288_5. Has R participated in street demonstrations and meetings? For codes, see Q288_1 Q289. Is R a member or supporter of some party or socio- political organization or movement? 1 Yes 2 No Q290COD1. Name of the first party or socio-political organization or movement supported by R (specific scale for Estonia) 1 Election bloc "Fatherland" 2 Political party "Fatherland" 3 National Independence Party 4 Conservative Popular Party 5 Right-wing Party 6 Defense League 7 Liberal Democratic Party 8 Tallinn Young Christian Democrats 9 Election bloc "Moderates" 10 Social Democratic Party 11 Greens 12 Election bloc "Secure Home" 13 Popular Center Party 14 Popular Front security service 15 Rural Union 16 Trade Unions 17 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 18 Election bloc "Royalists" 19 Creative unions 20 Finnish Society Q290MEM1. Size of the first party or socio-political organization or movement supported by R (specific scale for Estonia) 1 less than 500 2 500 to 1,000 3 1,000 to 2,000 4 2,000 to 5,000 5 5,000 to 10,000 6 More than 10,000 Q290COD2. Name of the second party or socio-political organization or movement supported by R (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q290COD1 Q290MEM2. Size of the second party or socio-political organization or movement supported by R (specific scale for Estonia) For codes, see Q290MEM1 Q291_1. Type of R's participation in the first party or socio- political organization or movement 1 Supporter 2 Rank-and-file member 3 Activist or leader at local level 4 Activist or leader at higher level Q291_2. R's participation in the second party or socio- political organization or movement For codes, see Q291_1 Q293. To what degree does R participate in socio-political life? 1 Not interested, and does not participate 2 Interested, but does not participate 3 Participates in mass actions 4 Active participant 5 Belongs to leadership Q294. Has R held office or had an official post in a party or socio-political organization? 1 Yes 2 No Q295. Did R vote in the last elections? For codes, see Q294 Q296. Which were the last elections R took part in (specific scale for Estonia)? 1 Parliamentary and/or presidential elections 2 Incorrect answer Q297. Has R ever intentionally not voted? 0 Never 1 1 or 2 times 2 3 or more times 3 Practically never voted Q300. Have R's parents ever been religious? 1 Yes 2 No Q301_1. Is R's mother religious? For codes, see Q300 Q301_2. Is R's father religious? For codes, see Q300 Q301_3. Is R's stepmother religious? For codes, see Q300 Q301_4. Is R's stepfather religious? For codes, see Q300 Q302. Does R consider him/herself religious? 1 Yes 2 To some degree 3 No Q303. What is R's religion? 1 Lutheran 2 Roman Catholic 3 Greek Orthodox 4 Islam 5 Jewish 6 Baptist, Evangelical 7 Other Q304. When did R become religious? 1 Preschool age 2 During 8-year fundamental school 3 During secondary school 4 After completing secondary school CHECK28. Does R have children? 1 Yes 2 No Q305. Does R intend to raise his/her child/ren in a religious atmosphere? 1 Yes, certainly 2 Yes, probably 3 No, certainly not Q306. How does R assess the state of his/her health? 1 Only had colds and minor infections 2 Has had some more serious ailments or injuries but has fully recovered 3 Suffers from chronic diseases 4 Has had serious illnesses or injuries that persist to the present time 5 An invalid Q307. Does R have any physical or nervous condition? 1 Yes 2 No Q308. Does the condition keep R from working? 1 Yes 2 No 3 Cannot work at all Q309. To what extent does the condition limit R's ability to work? 1 Significantly 2 Somewhat 3 Slightly 4 Not at all -3 Do not know Q310. How many years has R had this chronic condition? 28 Since birth Q312. Has R ever been abroad (outside the former USSR)? 1 Yes 2 No Q313. How many times has R been abroad? Q314. How many days has R spent abroad? Q315_1. Number of R's visits abroad on business Q315_2. Number of R's visits abroad to study or get practical training Q315_3. Number of R's visits abroad to work on his/her own Q315_4. Number of R's visits abroad for personal commercial reasons Q315_5. Number of R's visits abroad to vacation or visit friends or relatives Q315_6. Number of R's visits abroad to do military service Q315_7. Number of R's visits abroad for other reasons Q316. Has a R's close relative or a member of R's family worked abroad? 1 Yes 2 No Q318. Has R taken any steps to study abroad? For codes, see Q316 Q319. What steps has R has taken to study abroad? 1 Looked for studying opportunities 2 Made a concrete plan and commitment to going 3 Submitted the necessary documents for a visa Q320. Has R taken any steps to work abroad? 1 Yes 2 No Q321. What steps has R taken to work abroad? 1 Looked for studying opportunities 2 Made a concrete plan and commitment to going 3 Submitted the necessary documents for a visa Q322. How successful has R been in his/her life? 1 Very successful 2 Fairly successful 3 Fairly unsuccessful 4 Very unsuccessful Q323_A. What are R's chances for getting an interesting job in comparison with R's peers? 1 R's chances are much worse 2 R's chances are somewhat worse 3 R's chances are about the same 4 R's chances are somewhat better 5 R's chances are much better Q323_B. What are R's chances for acquiring expensive things in comparison with R's peers? For codes, see Q323_A Q323_C. What are R's chances for living in his/her own living quarters in comparison with R's peers? For codes, see Q323_A Q323_D. What are R's chances for eating good food in comparison with R's peers? For codes, see Q323_A Q323_E. What are R's chances for obtaining fashionable clothes in comparison with R's peers? For codes, see Q323_A Q323_F. What are R's chances for making a career in comparison with R's peers? For codes, see Q323_A Q324. Which peer group did R use for the comparison in Q323? 1 Schoolmates 2 Classmates 3 Workmates, colleagues 4 Neighbors 5 Friends 6 Several groups -3 Did not use any of these groups Q325. Does R foresee changes in his/her life? 1 No, no notable changes 2 Yes, minor changes 3 Yes, major changes Q326_A. Probability that R will move to a new apartment, house, etc., in the same area where R currently lives 1 Nonexistent 2 Low 3 Unclear 4 High 5 Very high Q326_B. Probability that R will change his/her place of residence from one settlement to another For codes, see Q326_A Q326_C. Probability that R will change his/her occupation For codes, see Q326_A Q326_D. Probability that R will change his/her place of employment For codes, see Q326_A Q326_E. Probability that R will continue and complete his/her studies For codes, see Q326_A Q326_F. Probability that R will change his/her marital status (by marriage or divorce) For codes, see Q326_A Q326_G. Probability that R will have a child For codes, see Q326_A Q326_H. Probability that R will become an entrepreneur For codes, see Q326_A A0. Was anyone in addition to R present at the interview? 1 Yes 2 No A1. Were R's children present at the interview? 1 Yes 2 No A2. Was R's spouse present at the interview? For codes, see A1 A3. Were other relatives of R present at the interview? For codes, see A1 A4. Were any other adults present at the interview? For codes, see A1 B. To what extent did the bystanders help R to answer the questions? 0 Not at all 1 With one or two questions 2 With several questions 3 With many questions C. R's cooperation was... 1 Very good 2 Good 3 Fair 4 Poor 5 Very poor D. R's interest in the survey was... 1 Very high 2 Fairly high 3 Fairly low 4 Very low 5 No interest at all COUNTRY. Country of R's present residence Codes 1 to 99 are defined in Appendix 1. OBLAST. Oblast of R's present residence Not used in Estonia AREA. District of R's present residence (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 22 are defined in Appendix 2. -5 Outside Estonia CITY. Settlement of R's current residence (specific scale for Estonia) Codes 1 to 63 are defined in Appendix 3. -5 Outside Estonia TYPE. Type of settlement of R's current place of residence 1 Capital 2 Oblast center 3 City with more than 100,000 inhabitants 4 City with 10,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 5 Small town 6 Country town, village CODING. Identification number of coder 1 Raili Pihlamägi 2 Tiina Titma 3 Ave Kallas 4 Silvi Villo 11 Hans Dsiss 12 Villu Talv 13 Olga Solotarjova 14 Avo Ennok DE_BY. Code of person who entered the data 1 Raili Pihlamägi 2 Evi Arvi 3 Ivi Linno 4 Sirje Talerman IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO PURSUE AN EDUCATION? WHAT ARE THE REASONS FOR PURSUING AN EDUCATION? B1_1. To achieve better material security 1 Disagree completely 2 Disagree somewhat 3 Agree somewhat 4 Agree completely B1_2. To attain a desired occupation For codes, see B1_1 B1_3. To understand some subject thoroughly For codes, see B1_1 B1_4. To attain a secure position in society For codes, see B1_1 B1_5. To enjoy student life as such For codes, see B1_1 B1_6. To be able to do clean and physically easy work For codes, see B1_1 B1_7. To develop their personality For codes, see B1_1 B1_8. To attain social prestige For codes, see B1_1 B1_9. To win the respect of friends For codes, see B1_1 B1_10. To develop their skills and aptitudes For codes, see B1_1 B1_11. To understand the world and life better For codes, see B1_1 B1_12. To attain greater success in life For codes, see B1_1 B1_13. To become experts and specialists For codes, see B1_1 B1_14. To live and work among educated people For codes, see B1_1 B1_15. To be more useful to society For codes, see B1_1 B1_16. To realize their abilities in a field of choice For codes, see B1_1 Now a few questions about education. Some people have finished their studies, while others will continue their education. WHAT ARE YOUR EDUCATIONAL PLANS? B2_1. Courses in certain occupational areas 1 Have no intention to enroll 2 Intend to enroll sometime in the future 3 Intend to enroll in the near future 4 Enrolled already B2_2. Language courses and other courses in similar kinds of self-improvement For codes, see B2_1 B2_3. Daytime division of high school or specialized secondary educational institution For codes, see B2_1 B2_4. Evening or correspondence division of high school or specialized secondary educational institution For codes, see B2_1 B2_5. Acquiring academic or occupational qualification abroad For codes, see B2_1 IN YOUR OPINION, WHAT CHARACTERISTICS SHOULD WORK HAVE? DO YOU THINK IT SHOULD ENABLE ONE TO ... B3_1. Improve oneself steadily 1 Unimportant 2 Fairly unimportant 3 Fairly important 4 Very important B3_2. Earn a lot of money For codes, see B3_1 B3_3. Win the respect of friends For codes, see B3_1 B3_4. Live peacefully and safely For codes, see B3_1 B3_5. Obtain a high social position For codes, see B3_1 B3_6. Deal with people For codes, see B3_1 B3_7. Be useful to society For codes, see B3_1 B3_8. Advance in one's occupation For codes, see B3_1 B3_9. Do clean and physically easy work For codes, see B3_1 B3_10. Improve one's knowledge and occupational skills For codes, see B3_1 B3_11. Deal with interesting things For codes, see B3_1 B3_12. See the results of one's work For codes, see B3_1 B3_13. Give some freedom to decide how to use one's work time For codes, see B3_1 B3_14. Be useful to other people For codes, see B3_1 B3_15. Create new things For codes, see B3_1 B3_16. Use one's abilities For codes, see B3_1 B4_1. If you are still unmarried, what are your future plans concerning marriage? 1 Do not intend to marry 2 Will marry in the more distant future 3 Would have married if I had found a suitable mate 4 Have a partner whom I am likely to marry 5 My partner and I have submitted a marriage application B4_2. How many children would you like to have? B5_1. How has your married life been going so far? 1 We have separated/divorced 2 So badly that we are considering separating 3 Not too well, our relations are tense 4 Fairly well 5 Very well B5_2. How many children would you like to have? HOW IMPORTANT, IN YOUR OPINION, ARE THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES IN LIFE? B6_1. Studies 1 Unimportant 2 Fairly unimportant 3 Fairly important 4 Very important B6_2. Social work For codes, see B6_1 B6_3. Sports and physical exercise For codes, see B6_1 B6_4. Socializing with friends For codes, see B6_1 B6_5. Having a family For codes, see B6_1 B6_6. Going to the theater, concerts, exhibitions For codes, see B6_1 B6_7. Listening to the radio, watching TV For codes, see B6_1 B6_8. Spending time with a beloved person For codes, see B6_1 B6_9. Occupational work For codes, see B6_1 B6_10. Going to parties, discos, cafes For codes, see B6_1 B6_11. Reading For codes, see B6_1 B6_12. Pursuing a favorite activity (hobby) For codes, see B6_1 B6_13. Entrepreneurial and business activity For codes, see B6_1 B6_14. Religious worship; observing rituals and holidays For codes, see B6_1 HOW MUCH DO YOU LIKE (OR WOULD YOU LIKE) TO BE ENGAGED IN THE FOLLOWING ACTIVITIES? B7_1. Occupational work 1 Do not like it at all 2 Do not like it very much 3 Like it 4 Like it very much B7_2. Social (community) work For codes, see B7_1 B7_3. Studying For codes, see B7_1 B7_4. Listening to the radio, watching TV For codes, see B7_1 B7_5. Sports and physical exercise For codes, see B7_1 B7_6. Socializing with friends For codes, see B7_1 B7_7. Going to the theater, concerts, exhibitions For codes, see B7_1 B7_8. Going to the movies For codes, see B7_1 B7_9. Professional self-improvement For codes, see B7_1 B7_10. Caring for your home For codes, see B7_1 B7_11. Taking care of your children For codes, see B7_1 B7_12. Going to parties, discos, cafes For codes, see B7_1 B7_13. Reading For codes, see B7_1 B7_14. Entrepreneurial and business activity For codes, see B7_1 B7_15. Religious worship, observing rituals and holidays For codes, see B7_1 TO WHAT DEGREE DOES YOUR (OR YOUR FAMILY'S) INCOME ENABLE YOU... B8_1. ...to eat normal food 1 Not at all 2 Somewhat 3 Fully B8_2. ...to obtain clothing, shoes, etc. For codes, see B8_1 B8_3. ...to obtain goods like furniture, household appliances, car, apartment, etc. For codes, see B8_1 B9_1. Has your participation in politics changed over the past few years? 1 Never been politically active 2 Politically active in the past but not now 3 Not politically active in the past but am now 4 Politically active in the past and still TO WHAT DEGREE DO YOU AGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS? B9_2. Even big differences in peoples' income should be considered normal 1 Agree fully 2 Agree somewhat 3 Hard to say 4 Disagree somewhat 5 Disagree fully B9_3. Normal social development is impossible without a free press For codes, see B9_2 B9_4. Finding a job should be each person's responsibility For codes, see B9_2 B9_5. Free entrepreneurship is the main guarantee for economic welfare For codes, see B9_2 B9_6. Property reform is just only if private property is unconditionally returned For codes, see B9_2 B9_7. Solutions for political problems should be based on the interests of all people regardless of whether they belong to the main ethnic group or not For codes, see B9_2 B9_8. People should be given maximum freedom to do what they want For codes, see B9_2 B9_9. Under conditions of unemployment, male and female job applicants should be considered candidates of equal value For codes, see B9_2 IN YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE, TO WHAT EXTENT DO YOU FOLLOW THE SOCIAL RULES WHICH ARE ACCEPTED... B10_1. ...among people of your age 1 Don't follow them 2 To some extent 3 To a great extent 4 Completely B10_2. ...among your friends For codes, see B10_1 B10_3. ...among your coworkers For codes, see B10_1 B10_4. ...in our society For codes, see B10_1 B10_5. ...in your family For codes, see B10_1 B10_6. ...by you personally For codes, see B10_1 TO WHAT DEGREE DO YOU AGREE WITH THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS? B11_1. Differences in peoples' income should be reduced 1 Disagree fully 2 Disagree somewhat 3 Hard to say 4 Agree somewhat 5 Agree fully B11_2. A free press disturbs normal life in society For codes, see B11_1 B11_3. The state should guarantee employment for everyone For codes, see B11_1 B11_4. A state-administered economy is the main guarantee for economic welfare For codes, see B11_1 B11_5. Property reform should, first of all, be based on state interests For codes, see B11_1 B11_6. Solutions to political problems should be based on the interests of the main ethnic group For codes, see B11_1 B11_7. People in society should act in accord with fixed rules For codes, see B11_1 B11_8. Under conditions of high unemployment, men should be given preference over women when applying for a job For codes, see B11_1 B12_1. Do you smoke? 1 A pack or more a day 2 Up to half a pack a day 3 Occasionally 4 Do not smoke B12_2. Do you drink alcoholic drinks? 1 Often 2 Fairly often, in company 3 Rarely, only at parties 4 No, practically never B12_3. How satisfied are you with your sex life? 3 Fully satisfied 2 More or less satisfied 1 Not satisfied B12_41. How tall are you (in cm)? B12_42. How much do you weigh (in kg)? The following is a list of possibilities for visiting abroad. (By abroad we mean countries outside the former Soviet Union.) Think about your situation at work, at home, etc.. Assume there are no official restrictions on travelling and tell me which of the following options you would take advantage of: B13_1. Find short-term work abroad on your own, without leaving your current main job 1 Definitely not 2 Probably not 3 Yes, probably 4 Yes, definitely B13_2. Find short-term work abroad on your own, leaving your current main job For codes, see B13_1 B13_3. If you were sent by some company to study or get practical occupational training abroad For codes, see B13_1 B13_4. Live and work abroad for some years, retaining the possibility to return For codes, see B13_1 B13_5. Establish permanent residence abroad For codes, see B13_1
Välis_ID
93960014
Lühikirjeldus
The principal research tasks of the third wave of PG were the same as of the second wave: to specify the cohort's social position; to trace the life course to the given social status; to reveal the mental characteristics of the cohort; to carry out comparative analysis of life course, social status and mentality of cohorts in various countries and regions participating in the project. But the main differences between the second and third waves were on undergoing social-economic and political processes: second wave was conducted under the stable socialist regime; third wave was conducted under the transition to market based society. The major blocks of items focus on life course events of respondents and their spouses. In most participated regions/countries the samples were modified. In 1992 a decision was made to change the initial approach and to examine the whole age cohort, not only the graduates of the secondary schools. It means necessity to add to the initial sample those members of the cohort who did not attain secondary education. In accordance with this decision to change the initial sample was supplemented with those who had not attained secondary education till 1989. The 1989 USSR Census was the source of the information on the education of the examined age cohort. First, those members of age cohort, who had not secondary education, were selected from total population of region. Secondly, from this part of age cohort potential respondents were selected at random in proportion to the size of initial sample of secondary school graduates. Places of residence of the initial sample were identified as at stage 2 --- by obtaining current addresses of lists of respondents surveyed at Stage 1 from address bureaus in the regions surveyed. During the third wave highly standardized face-to-face interviews were carried out for gathering data. The second part of the interview consisted of indicators about respondents' opinions and attitudes. This part included questions to which respondents gave written answers. This method of data collection was necessary in order to establish comparability of these data to those gathered on the same way at Stages 1 and 2. These interviews were mainly conducted at respondents' homes.

UURINGUGA SEOTUD ISIKUD:
Saarniit Jüri
Saar Ellu
Uueküla Jaak
Vöörmann Rein
Kallas Raul
Kenkmann Paul
Dsiss Hans
Solotarjeva Olga
Talv Villu
Ennok Avo
Murakas Rein
Soova, Henri
Tooding Liina-Mai
Titma Mikk

UURINGUGA SEOTUD INSTITUTSIOONID:
TÜ Sotsioloogiaosakond