Uurimus
EMORi uurimused poliitilistest hoiakutest 1994
Alguse aeg
jaanuar
Lõpu aeg
detsember
Staatus
SPSSfailid
Uurimisobjekt
Eeskiri
Realiseerumine
Küsitlusmeetod
Kodeerimisjuhend
JANUARY 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2. to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3. to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4. to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5. Please compare now the activities of Riigikogu (Parliament), the President, government and opposition and tell which of them do you trust most of all? Choose only one. Riigikogu 1 President 2 Government 3 Opposition 4 none 5 don?t know 6 6. If you had a possibility to elect a new Riigikogu then for which party would you vote now? (choose only one) /give card 2/ Estonian Democratic Union 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 the Center Party 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 the Coalition Party 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 the Rural Center Party 8 the Rural Union 9 the National Independence Party 10 the Estonian National Progress Party 11 the Estonia Party 12 the Greens 13 the Royalists 14 the Social Democratic Party 15 the Union of Pensioners 16 the Farmers? Union 17 Pro Patria 18 "Future Estonia" 19 the Russian Democratic Movement 20 the Russian National Union 21 some other party or movement 22 independent candidate 23 don?t know 24 8. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 9. Did you vote at the local elections in October? yes 1 no 2 /The next question is only for Estonian citizens/ 10. Let?s turn now back to the elections in the autumn of 1992. Did you vote at the presidential and parliamentary elections then? yes 1 no 2 don?t remember 3 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 11. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 12. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 13. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 4/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 14. Endel Lippmaa 1 2 3 4 5 15. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 16. Jaanus Raidal 1 2 3 4 5 17. Ants Erm 1 2 3 4 5 18.Arnold Rüütel 1 2 3 4 5 19. Ignar Fjuk 1 2 3 4 5 20. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 21.Illar Hallaste 1 2 3 4 5 22. Jüri Luik 1 2 3 4 5 23. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 24. Indrek Kannik 1 2 3 4 5 25. Maju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 26.Kaido Kama. 1 2 3 4 5 27. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 28. Siim Kallas 1 2 3 4 5 29.Jaan Kaplinski 1 2 3 4 5 30. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 31. Enn Tarto 1 2 3 4 5 32. Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 33.Jaak Tamm 1 2 3 4 5 34. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 35. Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 36. Lennart Meri 1 2 3 4 5 37. Aleksander Einseln 1 2 3 4 5 38. Lagle Parek 1 2 3 4 5 39. 4 ministers will be replaced. This has caused different opinions. Which of the following statements is closest to your opinion about the government reshuffle? Please choose only one. Such changes in the government were necessary 1 changes in the government were not necessary 2 the whole government should have stepped down 3 some of the ministers who were replaced should have been maintained in the government while some others should have been sacked 4 some other version (write)................................ 5 don?t know 6 How do you assess each individual replacement of personalities ? Support I am indifferent don?t support don?t 40. the replacement of foreign minister know T.Velliste by J.Luik 1 2 3 4 41.the replacement of J.Luik by I.Kannik as defence minister 1 2 3 4 42. the replacement of T.Sildmäe by T.Jürgenson as economy minister 1 2 3 4 43. the replacement of M.Üürike by H.Kranich as finance minister 1 2 3 4 125 Your age is years 126. Your nationality Estonian 1 Russian 2 Other 3 127. Your Education incomplete secondary (9-10grades, vocational) 1 secondary education 2 specialized secondary 3 higher & incomplete higher (at least 3 years) 4 Are you currently... 128. wage earner /incl. temporarily not employed/: 1 129. unemployed /both registered and not registered/ 2 130. Student /full time/ 3 131. homemaker or on child leave 4 132. pensioner, invalid 5 133. Are you currently unemployed? Yes 1 no 2 134. If you?re currently working /or on unsalared leave/, then What job do (did) you hold? An employee in industry, agriculture /worker, driver, milkmaid etc./ 1 an employee in trade or service /salesparson, hairdresser, storekeper etc./ 2 clerk or civil servant 3 a professional /medical doctor, teacher, engineer etc/ 4 top or middle-level executive 5 proprior, farmer 6 135.What is the ownership form of the enterprise where you earn your main salary? state or municipal ownership 1 public stock company 2 foreign owned enterprise or an enterprise with foreign participation 3 a private business or corporation without foreign participation, farm 4 a cooperative, collective /farm, stock company/ 5 social organizations and movements, foundations, religious societies 6 don?t know exactly 7 136. For how many hours a week do you usually work ? ................................ Who belong to your household? 139. spouse 140. children 141.grandchildren 142.parents 143. grandparents 144. siblings 145. other relatives 146. How many kids under 15 was in your household? 147. What was per capita income of your household in December? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 18, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 150 kroons ......1 151 - 200 kroons ...................2 201 - 250 .....................?.. 3 251 - 300 .. ..................?.. 4 301- 350 ...?..................... 5 351- 400 .......?............... 6 401- 500 ........?............... 7 501-600 ............?........... 8 601- 800 ...............?....... 9 801-1.000 .................?.... 10 1.001-2.000 ??????..11 more than 2.000 kroons ??12 170. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 171.Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 FEBRUARY 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2 to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3 to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4 to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5. Please compare now the activities of Riigikogu, the President, government and opposition and tell which of them do you trust most of all? Choose only one. Riigikogu 1 President 2 Government 3 Opposition 4 none 5 don?t know 6 6. which of these do you trust least of all? Choose only one. Riigikogu 1 President 2 Government 3 Opposition 4 none 5 don?t know 6 7. If you had a possibility to elect a new Riigikogu then for which party would you vote now? (choose only one) /give card 2/ Estonian Democratic Union 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 the Center Party 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 the Coalition Party 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 the Rural Center Party 8 the Rural Union 9 the Estonian United People?s Party 10 the National Independence Party 11 the Estonian National Progress Party 12 the Estonia Party 13 the Greens 14 the Royalists 15 the Social Democratic Party 16 the Union of Pensioners and Families 17 the Estonian Union of Proprietors Legal-Success 18 the Farmers? Union 19 Pro Patria 20 the Russian Democratic Movement 21 the Russian National Union 22 some other party or movement 23 independent candidate 24 don?t know 25 8. Are you....... a convinced supporter of this party 1 a rather convinced supporter 2 not a convinced supporter 3 9. which could be your second preference? Please choose number from card 2. 10. Imagine a situation that you can vote at presidential election tomorrow and the same candidates are running as in 1992. For whom would you vote now? Choose only one. Lennart Meri 1 Arnold Rüütewl 2 Lagle Parek 3 Rein Taagepera 4 don?t know 5 11. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 12. Let?s turn now back to the elections in the autumn of 1992. Did you vote at the presidential and parliamentary elections then? yes 1 no 2 don?t remember 3 13. Did you vote at the local elections in October? yes 1 no 2 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 14. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 15. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 16. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 17. How do you evaluate the current situation of Estonian economy? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 18. What will the Estonian economic situation look like in 12 months? Will it....... worsen considerably ...................1 worsen somewhat ...................2 remain the same ........................ 3 improve somewhat .................... 4 improve considearably ............... 5 don?t know ????????..6 19. How do you evaluate the current situation of your family? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 20. How will your own economic situation change in 12 months. Will it ........ worsen considerably ......................1 worsen somewhat ...........................2 remain the same ...........................3 improve somewhat .......................... 4 improve considerably ...................... 5 don?t know ....................... 6 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 6/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 21.Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 22. Kalle Kulbok 1 2 3 4 5 23. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 24. Marju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 25. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 26.Jüri Estam 1 2 3 4 5 27. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 28. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 29. Arvo Sirendi 1 2 3 4 5 30. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 31. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 32. Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 33.Which of political figures could be best canditate for prime minister? /card 7/ /The next question is only for Estonian citizens/ 34. How well are you informed about the European Union? very well 1 rather well 2 not too well 3 poorly 4 can?t say 5 35 Do you support Estonia joining the European Union in the near future? Support 1 don?t support 2 don?t know 3 36. People have different opinions about legalizing prostitution in Estonia. Which of the two statements presented on the card is closer to your opinion? A prostitution should be declared a legal activity B prostitution should not be legalized /submit Card 8/ support statement A 1 support rather A 2 support rather B 3 support statement B 4 cannot say 5 THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS CONCERN COMMERCIALS ON THE TV. 55.What is your attitude about commercials on the programs of the Estonian TV, are they necessary or not? necessary 1 - Q 58 unnecessary 2 - Q 56 don?t know 3 - Q 58 /the following questions are asked from those who think that commercials are unnecessary/ 56. If the Estonian TV ends broadcasting of commercials its revenue will inevitably decrease. Which solution would you consider the best one? Increase state financing that might bring about a growth in taxes 1 establish a TV licence tax in which case all households owning a TV set must pay for it 2 cutting back on programs that will reduce the costs 3 some other version (write)............................................................................. 4 don?t know 5 57. On what condition would you agree that commercials are broadcasted on the Estonian TV? You can choose several answers from the card. /submit Card 13/ there should be more different commercials 1 the quality of the commercials must be better 2 there should be more commercials, but they should be shorter 3 there should be less intervals, but they should be longer 4 don?t agree that commercials are broadcast on the Estonian TV 5 don?t know 6 147. How old are you? ...........years 148. Your nationality? Estonian .........1 Russian .......... 2 other(write)..............................3 149. Your education / if necessary, read out / elementary (no more than 6 grades).....1 basic (7-8 grades) ...........................2 incomplete secondary (9-10 grades).....3 secondary ..............................4 incomplete higher education .............. 5 higher education ............................. 6 Are you: 150. Self-employed 1 151. wage earner 1 152. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 153. pensioner 1 154. homemaker 2 155. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 159. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 164. How many hours in week you normally work? 165. how many people (incl you) belongs to your household? __________ people. Who belong to your household? 166. spouse 167. children 168.grandchildren 169.parents 170. grandparents 171. siblings 172. other relatives 173. How many kids under 15 was in your household? 174. What was per capita income of your household in January? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 18, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 150 kroons ......1 151 - 200 kroons ...................2 201 - 250 .....................?.. 3 251 - 300 .. ..................?.. 4 301- 350 ...?..................... 5 351- 400 .......?............... 6 401- 500 ........?............... 7 501-600 ............?........... 8 601- 800 ...............?....... 9 801-1.000 .................?.... 10 1.001-2.000 ??????..11 more than 2.000 kroons ??12 198. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 199.Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 MARCH 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2 to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3 to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4 to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5.How do you think which governance principles would be most appropriate and useful in Estonia at present? All problems concerning social life should be solved according to the will of the majority of people 1 all problems concerning social life should be solved on the basis of agreement between major political forces 2 all social problems are solved by competent specialists 3 don?t know 4 6. If you had a possibility to elect a new Riigikogu then for which party would you vote now? (choose only one) /give card 3/ Estonian Democratic Union 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 the Center Party 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 the Coalition Party 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 the Rural Center Party 8 the Rural Union 9 the Estonian United People?s Party 10 the National Independence Party 11 the Estonian National Progress Party 12 the Estonia Party 13 the Greens 14 the Royalists 15 the Social Democratic Party 16 the Union of Pensioners and Families 17 the Estonian Union of Proprietors Legal-Success 18 the Farmers? Union 19 Pro Patria 20 "Future Estonia" 21 the Russian Democratic Movement 22 the Russian National Union 23 some other party or movement 24 independent candidate 25 don?t know 26 7. Which is your second preference? 8. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 9. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 10. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 11. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 5/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 12. Endel Lippmaa 1 2 3 4 5 13. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 14. Jaanus Raidal 1 2 3 4 5 15. Ants Erm 1 2 3 4 5 16. Arnold Rüütel 1 2 3 4 5 17. Ignar Fjuk 1 2 3 4 5 18. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 19. Illar Hallaste 1 2 3 4 5 20. Jüri Luik 1 2 3 4 5 21. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 22. Indrek Kannik 1 2 3 4 5 23. Maju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 24.Kaido Kama. 1 2 3 4 5 25. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 26. Siim Kallas 1 2 3 4 5 27.Jaan Kaplinski 1 2 3 4 5 28. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 29. Enn Tarto 1 2 3 4 5 30. Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 31. Jaak Tamm 1 2 3 4 5 32. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 33. Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 34. Lennart Meri 1 2 3 4 5 35. Aleksander Einseln 1 2 3 4 5 36. Jüri Estam 1 2 3 4 5 Please estimate how the following ministers have coped with their tasks /submit card 2 / very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t know 37. foreign minister 1 2 3 4 5 38. defense minister 1 2 3 4 5 39. economy minister 1 2 3 4 5 40. environment minister 1 2 3 4 5 41. justice minister 1 2 3 4 5 42. minister for social affairs 1 2 3 4 5 43.minister for culture 1 2 3 4 5 44. minister of transport 1 2 3 4 5 45. minister of agriculture 1 2 3 4 5 46. minister of energetics 1 2 3 4 5 47. finance minister 1 2 3 4 5 48. minister for reforms 1 2 3 4 5 49. minister of population 1 2 3 4 5 50. Increasing crimes are a major problem in Estonia. Several political forces have called for establishing "order in the house". Different opinions have been voiced about how to do this. We present two different opinions here.Which of these would you support? / submit Card 6/ A In securing order it is necessary strictly to observe democracy and laws. In fighting crimes the methods employed by the criminals must be avoided. B In securing order all means can be used and laws cannot be observed always. Police should be granted special authorities in fighting crimes. Support opinion A 1 support rather opinion A 2 support rather opinion B 3 support opinion B 4 don?t know 5 173. How old are you? ...........years 174. Your nationality? Estonian .........1 Russian .......... 2 other(write)..............................3 175. Your education / if necessary, read out / elementary (no more than 6 grades).....1 basic (7-8 grades) ...........................2 incomplete secondary (9-10 grades).....3 secondary ..............................4 incomplete higher education .............. 5 higher education ............................. 6 Are you: 176. Self-employed 1 177. wage earner 1 178. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 179. pensioner 1 180. homemaker 2 181. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 185. What job do (did) you hold? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 186. How many subordinatives do you have? 190. For how many hours a week do you usually work ? ................................ 191. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? Who belong to your household? 192. spouse 193. children 194.grandchildren 195.parents 196. grandparents 197. siblings 198. other relatives 199. How many kids under 15 was in your household? 200. What was per capita income of your household in February? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 18, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 150 kroons ......1 151 - 200 kroons ...................2 201 - 250 .....................?.. 3 251 - 300 .. ..................?.. 4 301- 350 ...?..................... 5 351- 400 .......?............... 6 401- 500 ........?............... 7 501-600 ............?........... 8 601- 800 ...............?....... 9 801-1.000 .................?.... 10 1.001-2.000 ??????..11 more than 2.000 kroons ??12 224. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 225.Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 APRIL 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2 to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3 to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4 to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5 -7.How do you think which problems would be most obstacling in the development of Estonia at present? 8. If you had a possibility to elect a new Riigikogu then for which party would you vote now? (choose only one) /give card 3/ Estonian Democratic Union 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 the Center Party 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 the Coalition Party 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 the Rural Center Party 8 the Rural Union 9 the Estonian United People?s Party 10 the National Independence Party 11 the Estonian National Progress Party 12 the Estonia Party 13 the Greens 14 the Royalists 15 the Social Democratic Party 16 the Union of Pensioners and Families 17 the Estonian Union of Proprietors Legal-Success 18 the Farmers? Union 19 Pro Patria 20 "Future Estonia" 21 the Russian Democratic Movement 22 the Russian National Union 23 some other party or movement 24 independent candidate 25 don?t know 26 9. Which is your second preference? 10. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 11. How do you evaluate the current situation of Estonian economy? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 12. What will the Estonian economic situation look like in 12 months? Will it....... worsen considerably ...................1 worsen somewhat ...................2 remain the same ........................ 3 improve somewhat .................... 4 improve considearably ............... 5 13. How do you evaluate the current situation of your family? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 14. How will your own economic situation change in 12 months. Will it ........ worsen considerably ......................1 worsen somewhat ...........................2 remain the same ...........................3 improve somewhat .......................... 4 improve considerably ...................... 5 don?t know ....................... 6 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 15. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 16. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 17. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS CONCERN ADVERTIZING. Now I read out some opinions that people have about advertisements and commercials. Please tell to what degree you agree with these statements. /Card 5/ agree fully almost rather rather mostly don?t agree agree agree not don?t agree 18. Advertizing plays an essential role in present-day economy 1 2 3 4 5 6 19.if a product has been allowed to be sold it should be allowed to be advertized also 1 2 3 4 5 6 20. advertizing enables to improve the quality of goods and services as it promoters competition between firms 1 2 3 4 5 6 21. if there were no advertizing the papers and magazines would cost far more or there could be far less of them 1 2 3 4 5 6 ABOU THE OSTANKINO TV CHANNEL 26. Different opinions have been voiced about the ending of retransmitting the Ostankino TV channel. Which of the following opinions is closest to your opinion? / submit Card 7/ ending of retransmitting of Ostankino was necessary because this station broadcasts hostile materials about Estonia 1 retransmitting of Ostankino could have been continued if Russia had financed it 2 retransmitting of Ostankino should have been continued by looking for additional finances for this 3 retransmitting of Ostankino should have been continued by all means, even at the expence of Estonian state 4 some other opinion .....(write) ....................... ...........5 don?t know 6 27. How often do you watch the Ostankino TV? daily 1 at least once a week 2 less frequently 3 never 4 28. If there was a possibility to choose whether to retransmit Ostankino or to open an Estonian TV channel for Russian broadcasts then which possibility would you prefer? retransmitting of Ostankino 1 opening an Estonian channel 2 cannot say 3 ABOUT THE SCANDAL AROUND "RAHVA HÄÄL" 29. At the beginning of April two newspapers were published instead of the former Rahva Hääl. 1."Rahva Hääl" under the old name but with new publishers, 2." Eesti Sõnumid" with a new title but with the old publishers. Do you have heard anything about this? Yes 1 - Q 30 no 2 - Q 37 What do you think about the activities of the following persons and institutions in connection of this affair? Were their actions right or wrong? right wrong dont know 30.the management of "Rahva Hääl? (Veiko Jürisson) 1 2 3 31."RH",Inc. (T.Leito, E.Sank) 1 2 3 32. "Hommikuleht", Inc.(P.Raidla) 1 2 3 33. Government ( the ministry of Culture and Education) 1 2 3 34. parliamentary opposition 1 2 3 35. How often did you read "Rahva Hääl" before this affair ? 4-6 times a week 1 at least once a week 2 less frequently 3 never 4 /For these who read Rahva Hääl at least once a week/ 36. After issueing RH do you: read RH still 1 read both RH and "Eesti Sõnumid" 2 read ES 3 don?t read either 4 180. How old are you? ...........years 181. Your nationality? Estonian .........1 Russian .......... 2 other(write)..............................3 182. Your education / if necessary, read out / elementary (no more than 6 grades).....1 basic (7-8 grades) ...........................2 incomplete secondary (9-10 grades).....3 secondary ..............................4 incomplete higher education .............. 5 higher education ............................. 6 Are you: 183. Self-employed 1 184. wage earner 1 185. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 186. pensioner 1 187. homemaker 2 188. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 192. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 197. For how many hours a week do you usually work ? ................................ 198. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? Who belong to your household? 199. spouse 200. children 201.grandchildren 202.parents 203. grandparents 204. siblings 205. other relatives 206. How many kids under 15 was in your household? 207. What was per capita income of your household in March? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 18, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 150 kroons ......1 151 - 200 kroons ...................2 201 - 250 .....................?.. 3 251 - 300 .. ..................?.. 4 301- 350 ...?..................... 5 351- 400 .......?............... 6 401- 500 ........?............... 7 501-600 ............?........... 8 601- 800 ...............?....... 9 801-1.000 .................?.... 10 1.001-2.000 ??????..11 more than 2.000 kroons ??12 231. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 232.Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 MAY 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2 to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3 to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4 to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5.Would it be necessary to make significant changes in the organs of power before next year?s parliamentary elections ? yes 1 - Q 6 no 2 - Q 7 don?t know 3 - Q 7 6. In your opinion, what should be done ? / submit Card 2/ to replace some ministers 1 to replace the prime minister 2 to put together a new government 3 to declare early parliamentary elections 4 something else (write) ............................. 5 don?t know 6 7. If you had a possibility to elect a new Riigikogu then for which party would you vote now? (choose only one) /give card 3/ Estonian Democratic Union 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 the Center Party 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 the Coalition Party 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 the Rural Center Party 8 the Rural Union 9 the Estonian United People?s Party 10 the National Independence Party 11 the Estonian National Progress Party 12 the Estonia Party 13 the Greens 14 the Royalists 15 the Social Democratic Party 16 the Union of Pensioners and Families 17 the Estonian Union of Proprietors Legal-Success 18 the Farmers? Union 19 Pro Patria 20 "Estonian Home" 21 "Future Estonia" 22 the Russian Democratic Movement 23 the Russian National Union 24 the Russian community Union 25 some other party or movement 26 independent candidate 27 don?t know 28 8. Which is your second preference? 9. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 10. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 11. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 12. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 5/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 13. Endel Lippmaa 1 2 3 4 5 14. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 15. Jaanus Raidal 1 2 3 4 5 16. Ants Erm 1 2 3 4 5 17. Arnold Rüütel 1 2 3 4 5 18. Ignar Fjuk 1 2 3 4 5 19. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 20. Illar Hallaste 1 2 3 4 5 21. Jüri Luik 1 2 3 4 5 22. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 23. Indrek Kannik 1 2 3 4 5 24. Maju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 25.Kaido Kama. 1 2 3 4 5 26. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 27. Siim Kallas 1 2 3 4 5 28.Jaan Kaplinski 1 2 3 4 5 29. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 30. Enn Tarto 1 2 3 4 5 31. Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 32. Jaak Tamm 1 2 3 4 5 33. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 34. Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 35. Lennart Meri 1 2 3 4 5 36. Aleksander Einseln 1 2 3 4 5 37. Jüri Estam 1 2 3 4 5 Please estimate how the following ministers have coped with their tasks /submit card 2 / very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t know 38. foreign minister 1 2 3 4 5 39. defense minister 1 2 3 4 5 40. economy minister 1 2 3 4 5 41. environment minister 1 2 3 4 5 42. justice minister 1 2 3 4 5 43. minister for social affairs 1 2 3 4 5 44.minister for culture 1 2 3 4 5 45. minister of transport 1 2 3 4 5 46. minister of agriculture 1 2 3 4 5 47. minister of energetics 1 2 3 4 5 48. finance minister 1 2 3 4 5 49. minister for reforms 1 2 3 4 5 50. minister of population 1 2 3 4 5 51. home secretatry 1 2 3 4 5 52. How well are you informed about the European Union? very well 1 rather well 2 not too well 3 poorly 4 can?t say 5 53. Do you support Estonia joining the European Union in the near future? Support 1 don?t support 2 don?t know 3 53. 59. How do you evaluate the current situation of Estonian economy? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 60. What will the Estonian economic situation look like in 12 months? Will it....... worsen considerably ...................1 worsen somewhat ...................2 remain the same ........................ 3 improve somewhat .................... 4 improve considearably ............... 5 61. How do you evaluate the current situation of your family? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 62. How will your own economic situation change in 12 months. Will it ........ worsen considerably ......................1 worsen somewhat ...........................2 remain the same ...........................3 improve somewhat .......................... 4 improve considerably ...................... 5 don?t know ....................... 6 Do you intend (or have already done it) for improving the economic situation of your family to... /submit Card 8/ yes perhaps rather not no don?t know 63. swap employer in order to earn more 1 2 3 4 5 64. do additional work at your present employer or elsewhere in your field 1 2 3 4 5 65. do additional work at some other employer and in some other field 1 2 3 4 5 66.try to go to work abroad in your own field 1 2 3 4 5 67. go to work abroad in whatever field 1 2 3 4 5 68. set up your own business 1 2 3 4 5 69. sell valuables or some other domestic appliences 1 2 3 4 5 70. take a loan 1 2 3 4 5 71. apply for support, benefits 1 2 3 4 5 72. move to some cheaper locality ( in the countyside) 1 2 3 4 5 73. something other (write)................... 1 2 3 4 5 74. don?t intend to do anything 1 2 3 4 5 75. How much can you save in a month after necessary spendings on food, rent, electricity etc.? /necessary spendings dont? include expensive purchases like building materials etc./ no more than 50 kroons ...... 1 51 - 100 kroons ................... 2 201 - 250 .....................?.. 3 101 - 200 .. ..................?.. 4 201- 500 ...?..................... 5 501- 1000 .......?............... 6 1001- 2000 ........?...............7 more than 2.000 kroons ??8 QUESTIONS ABOUT NEWSPAPERS 133. Now I ask you some questions about the newspapers that are published 6 times a week. Please tell which of these you have read or browsed during the past couple of weeks ? / submit Card 13 with the names of the papers/ Eesti Sõnumid 1 Hommikuleht 2 Postimees 3 Päevaleht 4 Rahva Hääl 5 none of these 6 - Q 141 The following two questions A and B ask only about those papers the respondent has read A How many of ............... latest 6 issues have you read or browsed ? /submit Card 14/ none one two three four five all 134. Eesti Sõnumid 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 135. Hommikuleht 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 136. Postimees 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 137. Päevaleht 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 138. Rahva Hääl 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 B Have you subscribed to.............. or do you buy it or get in some other way? / there can be only one reply. Card 15/ subscribes to buys gets from reads at gets in some friends the library other way 139. Eesti Sõnumid 1 2 3 4 5 140. Rahva Hääl 237. How old are you? ...........years 238. Your nationality? Estonian .........1 Russian .......... 2 other(write)..............................3 239. Your education / if necessary, read out / elementary (no more than 6 grades).....1 basic (7-8 grades) ...........................2 incomplete secondary (9-10 grades).....3 secondary ..............................4 incomplete higher education .............. 5 higher education ............................. 6 Are you: 240. Self-employed 1 241. wage earner 1 242. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 243. pensioner 1 244. homemaker 2 245. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 249. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 254. For how many hours a week do you usually work ? ................................ 255. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? Who belong to your household? 256. spouse 257. children 258.grandchildren 259.parents 260. grandparents 261. siblings 262. other relatives 263. How many kids under 15 was in your household? 264. What was per capita income of your household in April? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 28, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 150 kroons ......1 151 - 200 kroons ...................2 201 - 250 .....................?.. 3 251 - 300 .. ..................?.. 4 301- 350 ...?..................... 5 351- 400 .......?............... 6 401- 500 ........?............... 7 501-600 ............?........... 8 601- 800 ...............?....... 9 801-1.000 .................?.... 10 1.001-2.000 ??????..11 more than 2.000 kroons ??12 288. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 289. Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 JUNE 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2. to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3. to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4. to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5. If you had a possibility to elect a new Riigikogu then for which party would you vote now? (choose only one) /give card 2/ Estonian Democratic Union 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 the Center Party 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 the Coalition Party 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 the Rural Center Party 8 the Rural Union 9 the Estonian United People?s Party 10 the National Independence Party 11 the Estonian National Progress Party 12 the Estonia Party 13 the Greens 14 the Royalists 15 the Social Democratic Party 16 the Union of Pensioners 17 the Estonian Union of Proprietors Legal-Success 18 the Farmers? Union 19 Pro Patria 20 "Future Estonia" 21 the Russian Democratic Movement 22 the Russian National Union 23 the Russian community Union 24 some other party or movement 25 independent candidate 26 don?t know 27 6. Which is your second preference? 7. Did you vote at the local elections in October 14-17 1993? yes 1 no 2 8. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 9. Let?s turn now back to the elections in the autumn of 1992. Did you vote at the presidential and parliamentary elections then? yes 1 no 2 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 10. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 11. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 12. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 4/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 13. Jüri Estam 1 2 3 4 5 14. Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 15. Kalle Kulbok 1 2 3 4 5 16. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 17. Marju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 18. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 19. Jaanus Raidal 1 2 3 4 5 20. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 21. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 22. Arvo Sirendi 1 2 3 4 5 23. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 24. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 25.Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 26. If you had to find the best candidate for the post of prime minister from this list then whom you would choose / submit Card 5 and write the number/ 27. Now I submit you a list of Russian politicians in Estonia. Please choose of these 3 whose activities you support / submit Card 6, mark the response into the column "supports". 28. And now tell me 3 names, whose activities you don?t support. /Card 6, mark the response into the column "doesn?t support" 27 28 Supports don?t support Vladimir Alekseyev 1 1 Lembit Annus 2 2 Viktor Andreyev 3 3 Hanon Barabaner 4 4 Nikolay Yugancheff 5 5 Yuri Kotenkov 6 6 Sergey Kuzhnechoff 7 7 Vladimir Lebedev 8 8 Vitaly Menshikoff 9 9 Yuri Mishin 10 10 Viktor Polyakoff 11 11 Vladislav Ponyakovskiy 12 12 Piotr Rozhok 13 13 Alexey Semyonov 14 14 Sergey Zhonov 15 15 Alexey Zhybin 16 16 Margarita Chernogorova 17 17 Lately there has been much talk about what must be Estonia?s position at negotiations with Russia on questions at issue. 29. Should Estonia grant Russian retired military permanent residence permits? / submit card 7/ yes, residence permits should be granted to all who wish them 1 residence permits should be granted to most, but not to all applicants 2 residence permits should be granted to only very few applicants 3 no 4 don?t know 5 30. Should Estonia seek the restoration of the state border as established by the Tartu Peace Treaty ? /submit card 8/ yes, the full restoration of this border line should be sought 1 - Q 32 certain territories can be given up 2 - Q 31 no, the border can remain where it currently is 3 - Q 32 don?t know 4 - Q 32 31 Estonia would give up.......... Petserimaa 1 territory east of Narva 2 some other areas (which?) ............ 3 76. Your age is years 77. Your nationality Estonian 1 Russian 2 Other 3 78. Your Education incomplete secondary (9-10grades, vocational) 1 secondary education 2 specialized secondary 3 higher & incomplete higher (at least 3 years) 4 Are you: 79. Self-employed 1 80. wage earner 1 81. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 82. pensioner 1 83. homemaker 2 84. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 88. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 93. For how many hours a week do you usually work ? ................................ 94. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? 102. What was per capita income of your household in May? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 12, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 150 kroons ......1 151 - 200 kroons ...................2 201 - 250 .....................?.. 3 251 - 300 .. ..................?.. 4 301- 350 ...?..................... 5 351- 400 .......?............... 6 401- 500 ........?............... 7 501-600 ............?........... 8 601- 800 ...............?....... 9 801-1.000 .................?.... 10 1.001-2.000 ??????..11 more than 2.000 kroons ??12 110. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 111. Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 AUGUST 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2. to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3. to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4. to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5. Now imagine a situation that you should elect a new parliament tomorrow and the following parties are running / give card 2 / For which party would you vote? Please choose only one number. /write the number of the party/ 6. For which other party would you vote? You can choose more than one. /card 2/ Mark the number(s) of the parties on the card. 7. For which parties you would not agree to vote by no means? /mark the response to the column" would not vote for these? First choice second choice would not vote Estonian Democratic Union 1 1 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 2 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 3 3 the Center Party 4 4 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 5 5 the Coalition Party 6 6 6 the Rural Union 7 7 7 the Rural Center Party 8 8 8 the Estonian Rural People?s Party 9 9 9 the the Russian community Union 10 10 10 the Union of Pensioners 11 11 12 the Union of Pensioners and Families 12 12 12 the Estonian United People?s Party 13 13 13 the National Independence Party 14 14 14 the Estonian National Progress Party 15 15 15 the Greens 16 16 16 the Royalists 17 17 17 the Social Democratic Party 18 18 18 the Farmers? Party 19 19 19 Pro Patria 20 20 20 "Future Estonia" 21 21 21 the Republicans coalition party 22 22 22 Russian Deocratic Movement 23 23 23 independent candidate 28 28 28 some other party or movement 29 29 29 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 8. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 9. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 10. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 11. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 On July 26 presidents B.Jeltsin and L.Meri signed the treaty about withdrawing the Russian forces from Estonia and the agreement about the social guarantees of Russian military retirees. These agreements will come into effect after their ratification in Riigikogu. If you were a member of Riigikogu would you vote for or against the Estonian-Russian agreements? for against can?t say 12. the treaty on the withdrawal of Russian forses 1 2 3 13. the agreement on the social guarantees to Russian military retirees 1 2 3 14. How do you feel, are the accords equally useful to both sides or is it not so? equally useful to both sides 1 more useful to Russia 2 more useful to Estonia 3 can?t say 4 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 4/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 15. Endel Lippmaa 1 2 3 4 5 16. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 17. Jaanus Raidal 1 2 3 4 5 18. Ants Erm 1 2 3 4 5 19. Arnold Rüütel 1 2 3 4 5 20. Ignar Fjuk 1 2 3 4 5 21. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 22. Tiit Madisson 1 2 3 4 5 23. Jüri Luik 1 2 3 4 5 24. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 25. Indrek Kannik 1 2 3 4 5 26. Marju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 27.Kaido Kama. 1 2 3 4 5 28. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 29. Siim Kallas 1 2 3 4 5 30. Jaan Kaplinski 1 2 3 4 5 31. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 32. Enn Tarto 1 2 3 4 5 33. Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 34. Jaak Tamm 1 2 3 4 5 35. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 36. Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 37. Lennart Meri 1 2 3 4 5 38. Aleksander Einseln 1 2 3 4 5 39. Jüri Estam 1 2 3 4 5 40. Asso Kommer 1 2 3 4 5 104. Your age is years 105. Your nationality Estonian 1 Russian 2 Other 3 106. Your Education incomplete secondary (9-10grades, vocational) 1 secondary education 2 specialized secondary 3 higher & incomplete higher (at least 3 years) 4 Are you: 107. Self-employed 1 108. wage earner 1 109. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 110. pensioner 1 111. homemaker 2 112. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 116. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 117. For how many hours a week do you usually work ? ................................ 118. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? 146. Respondents sex 147. Interview language Estonian 1 Russian 2 150. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 152. Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 SEPTEMBER 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2. to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3. to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4. to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5. Now imagine a situation that you should elect a new parliament tomorrow and the following parties are running / give card 2 / For which party would you vote? Please choose only one number. /write the number of the party/ 6. For which other party would you vote? You can choose more than one. /card 2/ Mark the number(s) of the parties on the card. 7. For which parties you would not agree to vote by no means? /mark the response to the column" would not vote for these? First choice second choice would not vote Estonian Democratic Union 1 1 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 2 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 3 3 the Center Party 4 4 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 5 5 the Coalition Party 6 6 6 the Rural Union 7 7 7 the Rural Center Party 8 8 8 the Estonian Rural People?s Party 9 9 9 the the Russian community Union 10 10 10 the Union of Pensioners 11 11 12 the Union of Pensioners and Families 12 12 12 the Estonian United People?s Party 13 13 13 the National Independence Party 14 14 14 the Estonian National Progress Party 15 15 15 the Greens 16 16 16 the Royalists 17 17 17 the Social Democratic Party 18 18 18 the Farmers? Party 19 19 19 Pro Patria 20 20 20 "Future Estonia" 21 21 21 the Republicans coalition party 22 22 22 Russian Deocratic Movement 23 23 23 independent candidate 28 28 28 some other party or movement 29 29 29 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 8. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 9. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 10. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 11. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 12. How do you evaluate the current situation of Estonian economy? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 13. What will the Estonian economic situation look like in 12 months? Will it....... worsen considerably ...................1 worsen somewhat ...................2 remain the same ........................ 3 improve somewhat .................... 4 improve considearably ............... 5 14. How do you evaluate the current situation of your family? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 15. How will your own economic situation change in 12 months. Will it ........ worsen considerably ......................1 worsen somewhat ...........................2 remain the same ...........................3 improve somewhat .......................... 4 improve considerably ...................... 5 don?t know ....................... 6 16. How well are you informed about the European Union? very well 1 rather well 2 not too well 3 poorly 4 can?t say 5 17. Do you support Estonia joining the European Union in the near future? support 1 don?t support 2 don?t know 3 18. To what extent are you interested in politics? Very much 1 somewhat 2 little 3 not at all 4 19. People say that political views can be either left or right wing ones. Where would you place yourself on such a left-right hand scale? firmly to the left 1 rather to the left 2 neither to left nor right 3 rather to the right 4 firmly to the right 5 can?t say 6 20. Which of the following political world views is the closest to you? /submit card 5/ communist 1 social democratic 2 liberal 3 christian- democratic 4 conservative 5 green 6 other /which?/ 7 can?t say 8 Now I read to you a number of opposite statements. Choose from each pair a statement that is closer to your opinion. 21 A government must do all for encouraging the departure support statement A 1 of the majority of non-Estonians from Estonia rather support A 2 B government must do all to integrate the non- rather support B 3 Estonians into the Estonian society support statement B 4 hard to say 5 22 A in situation where many people can hardly cope it support statement A 1 would be necessary to raise taxes from large incomes rather support A 2 B Before dividing there should be somethig what rather support B 3 to divide. Increasing taxes could discourage the develop- support statement B 4 ment of economy hard to say 5 23 A in adopting public decisions the opinion of experts should support statement A 1 be considered above all rather support A 2 B in adopting public decisions the agreement between rather support B 3 political forces should be of primary importance support statement B 4 hard to say 5 24 A privatization should be carried out so that there forms support statement A 1 a possibly large number of owners rather support A 2 B the main goal og privatization should be rather support B 3 economic efficiency; this must bring forward support statement B 4 the most enterprising people hard to say 5 25 A the import of those goods that are produced in Estonia, support statement A 1 should be restricted in order to defend the interests rather support A 2 of Estonian producers rather support B 3 B no restrictions on the imports should be imposed; Estonian support statement B 4 producers must become accustomed to hard to say 5 international competition 26 A I would like more elections where personalities support statement A 1 are running rather support A 2 rather support B 3 B I would prefer elections where parties are running support statement B 4 hard to say 5 27 A in order to tackle probles Estonia is facing, support statement A 1 it is necessary to toughen the legislature and concentrate rather support A 2 the power rather support B 3 B the concentration of power and harshening of laws means support statement B 4 moving away from democracy and brings more hard to say 5 harm than good 28 A Estonia needs the application of total defence support statement A 1 and supplying rather support A 2 of possibly large army with modern equipment rather support B 3 B present-day Estonia needs above all strong police support statement B 4 and borderguards hard to say 5 29 A rural life and agriculture must manage support statement A 1 themselves and their artificial maintenance rather support A 2 is not feasible rather support B 3 B rural life in Estonia is more that agricultural support statement B 4 production and it should be supported at any rate hard to say 5 30 A Estonia faces a number of delicate problems support statement A 1 (e.g. problem of nationality), which public discussion rather support A 2 in the mass media can offend partners and cause strain rather support B 3 support statement B 4 B public discussion of delicate problems is necessary hard to say 5 31 A many middle-aged people, whose professional support statement A 1 knowledge and experience could be useful, have rather support A 2 been removed from the public life recently; rather support B 3 this is foolish and harmful support statement B 4 B it is good and right that young people have hard to say 5 occupied key positions in society because t hey are more educated and unspoilt by the past 358. Your age is years 359. Your nationality Estonian 1 Russian 2 Other 3 360. Your Education incomplete secondary (9-10grades, vocational) 1 secondary education 2 specialized secondary 3 higher & incomplete higher (at least 3 years) 4 Are you: 361. Self-employed 1 362. wage earner 1 363. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 364. pensioner 1 365. homemaker 2 366. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 370. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 371. How many subordinatives do you have? 1 to 5 1 6 or more 2 372.. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? Who belong to your household? 373. spouse 374. children 375.grandchildren 376.parents 377. grandparents 378. siblings 379. other relatives 380. What was per capita income of your household in August? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 48, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 200 kroons ......1 201 - 300 kroons ...................2 301 - 400 .....................?.. 3 401 - 500 .. ..................?.. 4 501- 600 ...?..................... 5 601- 800 .......?............... 6 801- 1000 .......?............... 7 1001-1500 ...........?.......... 8 1501- 2000 ...............?....... 9 more than 2.000 kroons ??10 403. Respondents sex 404. Interview language Estonian 1 Russian 2 408. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 409. Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 OCTOBER 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2. to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 3. to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 4. to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 5. On September 26, Riigikogu passed a vote of no-confidence in M.Laar?s government. How do you assess the activities of this government during nearly two years ? /submit card 2/ I consider government?s activities right in all respects 1 the government?s course was generally right but it did some mistakes 2 the government had some success but far more failures 3 I consider the Laar?s government?s activities a failure in all frespects 4 don?t know 5 6. If you had to participate in the no-confidence vote, had you voted for of against the government? for 1 against 2 can?t say 3 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 4/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 7. Endel Lippmaa 1 2 3 4 5 8. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 9. Jaanus Raidal 1 2 3 4 5 10. Ants Erm 1 2 3 4 5 11. Arnold Rüütel 1 2 3 4 5 12. Ignar Fjuk 1 2 3 4 5 13. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 14. Tiit Madisson 1 2 3 4 5 15. Jüri Luik 1 2 3 4 5 16. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 17. Indrek Kannik 1 2 3 4 5 18. Marju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 19. Kaido Kama. 1 2 3 4 5 20. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 21. Siim Kallas 1 2 3 4 5 22. Jaan Kaplinski 1 2 3 4 5 23. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 24. Enn Tarto 1 2 3 4 5 25. Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 26. Jaak Tamm 1 2 3 4 5 27. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 28. Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 29. Lennart Meri 1 2 3 4 5 30. Aleksander Einseln 1 2 3 4 5 31. Jüri Estam 1 2 3 4 5 32. Whom you would see as the next Prime Minister? 33. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 34. Do you intend to apply for Estonian citizenship 1 Russian 2 citizenship of some other country 3 don?t intend to apply for citizenship 4 35. A new Riigikogu will be elected next March. Do you intend to vote? /read out the answers/ Yes, surely 1 Probably 2 probably not 3 Surely not 4 Don?t know 5 /The next question is for Estonian citizens only/ 36. Did you vote at the presidential and parliamentary elections in the September 1992? yes 1 no 2 Don?t remember, hard to say 3 /For all respondents/ 37. Did you vote at the local elections in October 14-17 1993? yes 1 no 2 Don?t remember, hard to say 3 38. Now imagine a situation that you should elect a new parliament tomorrow and the following parties are running / give card 4 / For which party would you vote? Please choose only one number. /write the number of the party/ 39. For which other party would you vote? You can choose more than one. /card 4/ Mark the number(s) of the parties on the card. 40. For which parties you would not agree to vote by no means? /mark the response to the column" would not vote for these? First choice second choice would not vote Estonian Democratic Union 1 1 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 2 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 3 3 the Center Party 4 4 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 5 5 the Coalition Party 6 6 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 7 7 the Rural Union 8 8 8 the Rural Center Party 9 9 9 the Estonian Rural People?s Party 10 10 10 the the Russian community Union 11 11 11 the Estonian United People?s Party 12 12 12 the Union of Pensioners 13 13 13 the Union of Pensioners and families 14 14 14 the Estonian National Union 15 15 15 the National Independence Party 16 16 16 the Estonian National Progress Party 17 17 17 the Greens 18 18 18 the Royalists 19 19 19 Social Democratic Party 20 20 20 Estonian Russian Party 21 21 21 Farmers? Party 22 22 22 Pro Patria 23 23 23 "Future Estonia" 24 24 24 the Republicans coalition party 25 25 25 independent candidate 26 26 26 some other party or movement 27 27 27 41. Which of the following political figures do you know? ¯ 42. Imagine, that these politicians can candidate in your electoriate. Which of the following political figures do you support? ¯ 43. Which of the following political figures you don?t support? ¯ 41 know 42 support 43 don?t support Paul-Erik Rummo 1 1 1 Valve Kirsipuu 2 2 2 Enn Tarto 3 3 3 Matti Päts 4 4 4 Ülo Nugis 5 5 5 Jüri Estam 6 6 6 The same questions for the next six politicians. 44. Which of the following political figures do you know? ¯ 45. Imagine, that these politicians can candidate in your electoriate. Which of the following political figures do you support? ¯ 46. Which of the following political figures you don?t support? ¯ 44 know 45 support 46 don?t support Indrek Kannik 1 1 1 Mart Nutt 2 2 2 Karin Jaani 3 3 3 Rein Helme 4 4 4 Heiki Kranich 5 5 5 Sulev Alajõe 6 6 6 47. Which of the following political figures do you know? ¯ 48. Imagine, that these politicians can candidate in your electoriate. Which of the following political figures do you support? ¯ 49. Which of the following political figures you don?t support? ¯ 47 know 48 support 49 don?t support Vootele Hansen 1 1 1 Andres Heinapuu 2 2 2 Malle Aleksius 3 3 3 Ain Saarmann 4 4 4 Sulev Valner 5 5 5 Ivo Rull 6 6 6 73. Your age is years 74. Your nationality Estonian 1 Russian 2 Other 3 75. Your Education incomplete secondary (9-10grades, vocational) 1 secondary education 2 specialized secondary 3 higher & incomplete higher (at least 3 years) 4 Are you: 76. Self-employed 1 77. wage earner 1 78. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 79. pensioner 1 80. homemaker 2 81. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 85. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 86. How many subordinatives do you have? 1 to 5 1 6 or more 2 87.. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? Who belong to your household? 88. spouse 89. children 90.grandchildren 91.parents 92. grandparents 93. siblings 94. other relatives 95. What was per capita income of your household in September? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 48, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 200 kroons ......1 201 - 300 kroons ...................2 301 - 400 .....................?.. 3 401 - 500 .. ..................?.. 4 501- 600 ...?..................... 5 601- 800 .......?............... 6 801- 1000 .......?............... 7 1001-1500 ...........?.......... 8 1501- 2000 ...............?....... 9 more than 2.000 kroons ??10 118. Respondents sex 119. Interview language Estonian 1 Russian 2 123. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 124. Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 NOVEMBER 1994 is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 1. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 2. to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t poorly rather poorly rather well very well don?t know 3. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 4. Do you support the nomination of ANDRES TARAND for the post of prime minister ? support fully 1 - Q 6 rather support 2 - Q6 can?t tell 3 - Q 6 rather don?t 4 - Q 5 not at all 5 - Q 5 5. Whom would you like to see as prime minister? ................................................................ Now I read to you the list of new ministers. Please tell by using the scale on the card to what degree you support the appointment of these persons to the cabinet ? card 3/ support fully rather can?t tell rather don?t don?t support support support at all 6 foreign minister Jüri Luik 1 2 3 4 5 7 defence minister Enn Tupp 1 2 3 4 5 8 finance minister Andres Lipstok 1 2 3 4 5 9 economy minister Toivo Jürgenson 1 2 3 4 5 10 interior minister Kaido Kama 1 2 3 4 5 11 minister for social affairs Toomas Vilosius1 2 3 4 5 12 justice minister Jüri Adams 1 2 3 4 5 13 minister of culture and education Peeter Olesk1 2 3 4 5 14 minister for the environment Vootele Hansen1 2 3 4 5 15 minister for transportation and roads 1 2 3 4 5 16 minister for power engineering Arvo Niitenberg1 2 3 4 5 17 reforms minister Liia Hänni 1 2 3 4 5 18 minister of agriculture Aldo Tamm 1 2 3 4 5 19. To what extent are you interested in politics? very interested 1 somewhat 2 in small extent 3 not at all 4 hard to say 5 20. It is common to consider political views on the left-right wing scale. Where would you place yourshelf on such a scale? Surely left 1 rather left 2 neither left nor right 3 rather right 4 surely right 5 hard to say 6 21. Do you consider yourself a supporter of some political party or association? yes ................................ 1 no .............................. 2 don?t know ........................... 3 22. Are you convinced supporter, rather convinced supporter or do you feel yourshelf as somewhat supporter? Fully convinced 1 Rarher convinced 2 Has some support 3 Hard to say 4 23. Now imagine a situation that you should elect a new parliament tomorrow and the following parties are running / give card 4 / For which party would you vote? Please choose only one number. /write the number of the party/ 24. For which other party would you vote? You can choose more than one. /card 4/ Mark the number(s) of the parties on the card. 25. For which parties you would not agree to vote by no means? /mark the response to the column" would not vote for these? First choice second choice would not vote Estonian Democratic Union 1 1 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 2 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 3 3 the Center Party 4 4 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 5 5 the Coalition Party 6 6 6 the Liberal Democratic Party 7 7 7 the Rural Union 8 8 8 the Rural Center Party 9 9 9 the Estonian Rural People?s Party 10 10 10 the the Russian community Union 11 11 11 the Estonian United People?s Party 12 12 12 the Union of Pensioners and Families 13 13 13 the Estonian National Union 14 14 14 the National Independence Party 15 15 15 the Estonian National Progress Party 16 16 16 the Greens 17 17 17 the Royalists 18 18 18 Social Democratic Party 19 19 19 Estonian Russian Party 20 20 20 Farmers? Party 21 21 21 Pro Patria 22 22 22 "Future Estonia" 23 23 23 the Republicans coalition party 24 24 24 independent candidate 25 25 25 some other party or movement 26 26 26 26. In answering to the previous questions did you procede above all from the ? name of the party 1 names of the leaders added to the partys name 2 something other 3 27. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 28. Do you intend to apply for Estonian citizenship 1 Russian 2 citizenship of some other country 3 don?t intend to apply for citizenship 4 /The next question is for Estonian citizens only/ 29. Did you vote at the presidential and parliamentary elections in the September 1992? yes 1 no 2 Don?t remember, hard to say 3 30. Please try to remember for which party or election bloc did you vote in the 1992 parliamentary elections? / card 5 / Pro Patria 1 Popular Front 2 Safe Home 3 Moderates 4 National Independence Party 5 Estonian Citizen 6 Independent Royalists 7 The Party of Entrepreneurs 8 The Greens 9 some other ( Left possibility, the Democrats, the Union of Estonian Pensioners, the National Party of Unlawfully Repressed, independent candidates 10 don?t remember 11 31. Do you intend to vote in the next parliamentary elections in March 1995 ? /read out/ yes,surely 1 probably 2 probably not 3 surely not 4 can?t tell 5 32. How well are you informed about the European Union? very well 1 rather well 2 not too well 3 poorly 4 can?t say 5 33. Do you support Estonia joining the European Union in the near future? support 1 don?t support 2 don?t know 3 Now I read to you a number of opposite statements. Choose from each pair a statement that is closer to your opinion. 34 A government must do all for encouraging the departure support statement A 1 of the majority of non-Estonians from Estonia rather support A 2 B government must do all to integrate the non- rather support B 3 Estonians into the Estonian society support statement B 4 hard to say 5 35 A in situation where many people can hardly cope it support statement A 1 would be necessary to raise taxes from large incomes rather support A 2 B Before dividing there should be somethig what rather support B 3 to divide. Increasing taxes could discourage the develop- support statement B 4 ment of economy hard to say 5 36 A in adopting public decisions the opinion of experts should support statement A 1 be considered above all rather support A 2 B in adopting public decisions the agreement between rather support B 3 political forces should be of primary importance support statement B 4 hard to say 5 37 A privatization should be carried out so that there forms support statement A 1 a possibly large number of owners rather support A 2 B the main goal og privatization should be rather support B 3 economic efficiency; this must bring forward support statement B 4 the most enterprising people hard to say 5 38 A the import of those goods that are produced in Estonia, support statement A 1 should be restricted in order to defend the interests rather support A 2 of Estonian producers rather support B 3 B no restrictions on the imports should be imposed; Estonian support statement B 4 producers must become accustomed to hard to say 5 international competition 39 A in order to tackle probles Estonia is facing, support statement A 1 it is necessary to toughen the legislature and concentrate rather support A 2 the power rather support B 3 B the concentration of power and harshening of laws means support statement B 4 moving away from democracy and brings more hard to say 5 harm than good 40. What do you think will the next year be better, worse or the same as the year of 1995? Better 1 worse 2 the same 3 don?t know 4 41. What do you think, will 1996 see more or less labor conflicts and strikes in Estonia than this year? More 1 less 2 the same number 3 don?t know 4 42. What do you think, will the world be more peaceful in 1996 - with less or more international conflicts than this year? Less 1 more 2 the situation will not change 3 don?t know 4 43. How would you estimate a on this scale a possibility of a world war? How sure are you that a world war will break in the next 10 years? I am sure 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% there is no such ?????????????????????????????????? in this 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 danger 67. How old are you? _____________ years. 68. Your nationality? Estonian .........1 Russian .......... 2 other(write)..............................3 69. Your education / if necessary, read out / elementary (no more than 6 grades).....1 basic (7-8 grades) ...........................2 incomplete secondary (9-10 grades).....3 secondary ..............................4 secondary special (college, technical).5 incomplete higher education .............. 6 higher education ............................. 7 Are you currently........ 70. self-employed ( entrepreneur).......1 71. wage earner ..............................1 72. not employed for the time being: on child leave ............................1 unemployed .................................2 other .................................3 73. pensioner .................................1 74. homemaker .................................1 75. student .................................1 78. Are you a professional ( physician, lawyer, engineer, etc) 1 businessmen, apprietor in manufacturing, trade, services 2 ........ farmer 3 79. What job do(did) you hold ( last)? Professional ......................... 1 top executive ........................ 2 middle level executive ................ 3 civil servant ....................... 4 employee in trade, services catering ..... . 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture .......................... 6 rank and file employee in some other sector ... 7 80. How many subordinatives do you have? 1 to 5 1 6 or more 2 81. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? 89. What was per capita income of your household in October? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 17, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 300 kroons ......1 301 - 500 kroons ...................2 501 - 800 .....................?.. 3 801 - 1000 .. ..................?.. 4 1001- 1500 ...?..................... 5 1501- 2000 .......?............... 6 2001- 2300 .......?............... 7 2301-2500 ...........?.......... 8 2501- 2800 ...............?....... 9 2802-3000 10 3001-3500 11 3501-4000 12 4001-5000 13 more than 5.000 kroons ??14 112. Respondents sex 113. Interview language Estonian 1 Russian 2 117. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 118. Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 DECEMBER 1994 2. Counties where the interview is carried out Tallinn 1 Harju county 2 Hiiu county 3 Eastern Viru county 4 Jögeva county 5 Järva county 6 Lääne county 7 Western Viru county 8 Pölva county 9 Pärnu county 10 Rapla county 11 Saare county 12 Tartu county 13 Valga county 14 Viljandi county 15 Vöru county 16 3. Type of settlement Capital 1 City (Tartu, Pärnu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve) 2 County center 3 other town 4 rural settlement 5 small village 6 4. Tallinn city districts Haabersti 1 North Tallinn 2 Kristiine 3 Centre 4 Lasnamäe 5 Pirita 6 Mustamäe 7 Nõmme 8 6. Polling -place 7. Electoral district THE NEXT QUESTIONS CONCERN YOUR ATTITUDE TOWARD POLITICS is in full mostly in mostly not in not at all don?t accordance accordance accordance in accordance know 8. to what degree are the activities of Riigikogu in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 9. to what degree are the activities of the president in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 10. to what extent are the activities of the government in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 11. to what extent are the activities of the parliamentary opposition in accordance with the interests of people 1 2 3 4 5 12. How do you evaluate the current situation of Estonian economy? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 13. What will the Estonian economic situation look like in 12 months? Will it....... worsen considerably ...................1 worsen somewhat ...................2 remain the same ........................ 3 improve somewhat .................... 4 improve considearably ............... 5 don?t know ????????..6 14. How do you evaluate the current situation of your family? Give your estimation on the basis of the scale on this card./ Card 4/ Please encircle the number under the scale -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 +5 very bad average very good 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Hard to say 12 15. How will your own economic situation change in 12 months. Will it ........ worsen considerably ......................1 worsen somewhat ...........................2 remain the same ...........................3 improve somewhat .......................... 4 improve considerably ...................... 5 don?t know ....................... 6 very well rather well rather poorly poorly don?t 16. How has Lennart Meri coped know with his duties as president 1 2 3 4 5 17. How has Mart Laar coped with his duties as prime minister 1 2 3 4 5 18. How has Ülo Nugis coped with his duties as parliament speaker? 1 2 3 4 5 19. Do you consider yourself a supporter of some political party or association? yes ................................ 1 no .............................. 2 don?t know ........................... 3 20. Now imagine a situation that you should elect a new parliament tomorrow and the following parties are running / give card 4 / For which party would you vote? Please choose only one number. /write the number of the party/ 21. For which other party would you vote? You can choose more than one. /card 4/ Mark the number(s) of the parties on the card. 22. For which parties you would not agree to vote by no means? /mark the response to the column" would not vote for these? 20 21 22 First choice second choice would not vote Estonian Democratic Union 1 1 1 Estonian Democratic Labor Party 2 2 2 the party of Entrepreneurs 3 3 3 the Center Party 4 4 4 the Union of Estonian Citizens 5 5 5 the Coalition Party 6 6 6 the Rural Union 7 7 7 the Rural Center Party 8 8 8 the Estonian Rural People?s Party 9 9 9 the Estonian United People?s Party 10 10 10 the Union of Pensioners and Families 11 11 11 the Estonian National Union 12 12 12 the National Independence Party 13 13 13 theReform Party 14 14 14 the Greens 15 15 15 the Royalists 16 16 16 the Blue Party 17 17 17 Social Democratic Party 18 18 18 Peasants Party 19 19 19 Estonian Russian Party 20 20 20 Estonian Russian People Party 21 21 21 Farmers? Party 22 22 22 Pro Patria 23 23 23 National Block "Better Estonia" 24 24 24 "Future Estonia" 25 25 25 the Republicans coalition party 26 26 26 independent candidate 27 27 28 some other party or movement 28 28 28 23. In answering to the previous questions did you procede above all from the ? name of the party 1 names of the leaders added to the partys name 2 something other 3 24. What is your citizenship? Do you have Estonian, Russian or some other citizenship? Estonian ........................1 Russian .........................2 some other CIS country......3 some other foreign country .......4 haven?t specified my citizenship yet ........5 25. Do you intend to vote in the next parliamentary elections in March 1995 ? /read out/ yes,surely 1 probably 2 probably not 3 surely not 4 can?t tell 5 Now I read out a number of Estonian political figures. Use scale on Card 4 and tell to what extent do you support their activities in politics. /submit Card 4/ support rather rather don?t don?t fully support not support know 26. Endel Lippmaa 1 2 3 4 5 27. Tiit Vähi 1 2 3 4 5 28. Jaanus Raidal 1 2 3 4 5 29. Ants Erm 1 2 3 4 5 30. Arnold Rüütel 1 2 3 4 5 31. Ignar Fjuk 1 2 3 4 5 32. Edgar Savisaar 1 2 3 4 5 33. Tiit Madisson 1 2 3 4 5 34. Jüri Luik 1 2 3 4 5 35. Ivar Raig 1 2 3 4 5 36. Indrek Kannik 1 2 3 4 5 37. Marju Lauristin 1 2 3 4 5 38. Kaido Kama. 1 2 3 4 5 39. Mart Laar 1 2 3 4 5 40. Siim Kallas 1 2 3 4 5 41. Jaan Kaplinski 1 2 3 4 5 42. Tiit Made 1 2 3 4 5 43. Enn Tarto 1 2 3 4 5 44. Vaino Väljas 1 2 3 4 5 45. Jaak Tamm 1 2 3 4 5 46. Jüri Toomepuu 1 2 3 4 5 47. Tunne Kelam 1 2 3 4 5 48. Lennart Meri 1 2 3 4 5 49. Aleksander Einseln 1 2 3 4 5 50. Jüri Estam 1 2 3 4 5 Next March parliamentary elections will be held. Now I submit you three lists with candidates who have been nominated by different political forces. Some names are repeated - this is necessary for comparisons. Let?s start with the first list. Please look this list through and mark into the column "Know" those names who are known to you. Names whom you don?t know, strike out. Then please encircle those names whom you are ready to vote in the column "Vote for" And now choose only one name whom you support most of all and mark the answer into the column "Support most of all" At the end, please mark those names whom you surely would not vote. Let?s repeat this procedure with one more list / list B/ And now the third list. / submit card 6/ Please tell 5 names whom you support most of all and rank these names./ mark the name first mentioned by the respondent to the column "1st preference, the name mentioned second into the column "2nd preference" and so on. 59 60 61 62 63 1st preference 2nd prefe- 3rd 4th pre- 5th pre- rence preference ference ference Peeter Olesk 1 2 3 4 5 Lauri Vahtre 1 2 3 4 5 Viktor Niitsoo 1 2 3 4 5 Jüri Adams 1 2 3 4 5 Trivimi Velliste 1 2 3 4 5 Siim Kallas 1 2 3 4 5 Jaanus Betlem 1 2 3 4 5 Valve Kirsipuu 1 2 3 4 5 Arvo Valton 1 2 3 4 5 Urmas Arumäe 1 2 3 4 5 Mart Kutsar 1 2 3 4 5 Kalle Jürgenson 1 2 3 4 5 Tiit Sinissaar 1 2 3 4 5 Merle Krigul 1 2 3 4 5 Lagle Parek 1 2 3 4 5 Tõnu Parming 1 2 3 4 5 Juhan-Kristjan Talve 1 2 3 4 5 Ardo Hansson 1 2 3 4 5 Tiit Arge 1 2 3 4 5 Andres Herkel 1 2 3 4 5 NOW A FEW QUESTIONS ABOUT THE PRESS, RADIO, AND TV 214. Which of the papers listed on the card do you read regularly ? / submit Card 22, responses mark into the column "regularly"/ 215. And which papers do you read from time to time ? / mark responses into the column "occasionally"/ 214 regularly 215 occasionally Eesti Sõnumid 1 1 Estonia 2 2 Hommikuleht 3 3 Molodyozh Estonij 4 4 Postimees 5 5 Päevaleht 6 6 Rahva Hääl 7 7 Õhtuleht 8 8 Äripäev 9 9 local paper 10 10 Esti Ekspress 11 11 Liivimaaa Kroonika 12 12 Maaleht 13 13 216. Which of the magazines listed on the card do you read regularly ? / submit card 23; responses mark into the column "regularly"/ 216 regularly 217 occasionally Eesti Naine 1 1 Elu Pilt 2 2 Favoriit 3 3 Kodukiri 4 4 Maakodu 5 5 Maa Pere 6 6 Magneet 7 7 Nooorus 8 8 Pere ja Kodu 9 9 218. Which of the following TV channels you can watch? 219. Which TV channels have you watched during the last 7 days? 220. Which TV channels did you watch yesterday? 218.Can watch 219 have watched 220.watched yesterday during the last 7 days Estonian TV 1 1 1 EVTV 2 2 2 Channel 2 3 3 3 RTV 4 4 4 Ostankino TV 5 5 5 Russian TV 6 6 6 Orsent TV 7 7 7 Finnish TV channels 8 8 8 Satellite/cable TV channels 9 9 9 221. Which of the following radio stations can you listen to? 222 Which stations have you listened to during the last 7 days / / responses mark to the column "Has listened to during the past 7 days"/ 223. Which radio stations did you listen to yesterday? / responses mark into the column "listened to yesterday/ 221 can listen 222 listened to 223 listened to over the past 7 days yesterday Program I of Estonian Radio 1 1 1 Radio 2 2 2 2 Radio 4 3 3 3 Radio Kuku 4 4 4 Radio Tallinn 5 5 5 Radio TOP 6 6 6 Radio Love 7 7 7 Q-Radio 8 8 8 Päikeseraadio 9 9 9 other local stations 10 10 10 Mayak 11 11 11 other Russian stations 12 12 12 some Western station 13 13 13 224. Recently there has been much advertizing on the TV, radio, printed press as well as on the streets. Which of the following statements describes best of all your attitude toward advertisements and commercials? My attitude is... fully positive 1 rather positive 2 is neither positive nor negative 3 rather negative 4 fully negative 5 A FEW QUESTIONS ABOUT THE PASSING YEAR 225. Please tell who was in your opinion the most outstanding personality in Estonia this year? .................................................... 226. Please tell who might be the most outstanding personality in the world this year? ..................................................... 227. Which event in Estonia was most significant for you this year? ..................................................................... 228. Which event in the world was most important for you this year? ...................................................................... 263. Your age is years 264. Your nationality Estonian 1 Russian 2 Other 3 265. Your Education incomplete secondary (9-10grades, vocational) 1 secondary education 2 specialized secondary 3 higher & incomplete higher (at least 3 years) 4 Are you: 266. Self-employed 1 267. wage earner 1 268. temporarily not employed ( on child leave 1 unemployed) 2 other 3 269. pensioner 1 270. homemaker 2 271. student 3 To wage earners only. Pensioners and temporarily not employed persons should answer about their last place of employment. 275. What job do (did) you hold (held)? professional (specialist) 1 top executive 2 midddle-level executive 3 civil servant 4 rank-and-file worker in trade, services or catering 5 worker in manufacturing, construction, agriculture 6 rank-and file worker somewhere else 7 276. How many subordinatives do you have? 1 to 5 1 6 or more 2 277. How many people (incl you) belongs to your household? Who belong to your household? 278. spouse 279. children 280.grandchildren 281.parents 282. grandparents 283. siblings 284. other relatives 285. What was per capita income of your household in November? ( explain that the net incomes of all household members must be summed up and the total sum be divided by the number of household members) / give Card 27, the respondent says the scale number/ no more than 300 kroons ......1 301 - 500 kroons ...................2 501 - 800 .....................?.. 3 801 - 1000 .. ..................?.. 4 1001- 1500 ...?..................... 5 1501- 2000 .......?............... 6 2001- 2300 .......?............... 7 2301-2500 ...........?.......... 8 2501- 2800 ...............?....... 9 2801-3000 10 3001-3500 11 3501-4000 12 4001-5000 13 more than 5.000 kroons ??14 308. Respondents sex 309. Interview language Estonian 1 Russian 2
Välis_ID
94960174
Lühikirjeldus
Hoiakud parlamendi, presidendi ja poliitiliste parteide suhtes. Poliitikute populaarsus.

UURINGUGA SEOTUD ISIKUD:
Kivirähk, Juhan
Niinas Karin

UURINGUGA SEOTUD INSTITUTSIOONID:
EMOR Ltd.